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Basic Sentence Structure In English – What Are The Four Types of Sentences

Basic Sentence Structure In English

Arrangement of words, phrases, and clauses in a sentence in grammatical meaning is known as Sentence Structure. Some students find difficulty in Basic Sentence Structure In English and give proper meaning to Sentence.

Thus, here we help you to learn the Basic Sentence Structure In English, so that you can use words, phrases, and clauses in sequence to make meaningful Sentence. Check What Are the Four Types of Sentences Structure from here.

Basic Sentence Structure In English

Subject and predicate are two main components which make up two basic structural parts of any sentence. In addition to this, other elements along with subject or predicate, add meaning to particular Sentence.

According to rules of grammar, sentence structure can be complicated, thus for your ease we recruitmentresult.com have provide basic parts of a sentence discussed below help you in upcoming exams.

Basic Sentence Structure In English

Every word in sentence has specific purpose within the structure of that particular sentence. In sentence formation, Subject and predicate are two main components-

Subject

Subject is the person, place, or thing performing the action of sentence. Subject represents what or whom the sentence is about and usually contains a noun or pronoun and can include modifying words, phrases, or clauses.

“The man”

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Predicate

Predicate expresses action or being within the sentence and contains verb and can also contain modifying words, phrases, or clauses.

“Builds a house”

Here the man is SUBJECT and builds a house PREDICATE which together makes

“The Man Builds A House”

Direct Object

Direct object receives action of the sentence and it is usually a noun or pronoun.

The Man Builds A House”

“The Man Builds It”

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Indirect Object

Indirect object is usually a noun or pronoun which indicates to whom or for whom the action of the sentence is being done.

“The Man Builds His Family A House”

“The Man Builds Them A House”

Subject Complement

Subject complement renames or describes the subject usually through noun, pronoun, or adjective. Subject complements use there is a linking verb within the sentence.

“The man is a good father (here Father, is noun which renames the subject)”

“The man seems kind. (Here Kind is adjective which describes the subject)”

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Five Basic English Sentence Structure

Here you can check 5 Basic Sentence Structure in English which is used to make sentence

Subject-Verb

Examples:

  • The boy plays.
  • Jack eats.
  • Sara sits.

Subject-Verb-Object

Examples:

  • The girl pets the cat.
  • I love apples.
  • Bill kicks the ball.

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Subject-Verb-Adjective

Examples:

  • Lisa is pretty.
  • They are nice.
  • I am sad.

Subject-Verb-Adverb

Examples:

  • Maria laughs loudly
  • The dog jumps high
  • Apples are everywhere

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Subject-Verb-Noun

Examples:

  • I am the teacher
  • Jon is a carpenter
  • The boy is a student

What Are The Four Types of Sentence Structure?

The 4 types of Sentence Structure are as follows-

  • Simple Sentence Structure
  • Compound Sentence Structure
  • Complex Sentence Structure
  • Compound Complex Sentence Structure

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Simple Sentence Structure

A simple sentence consists of one independent clause. (An independent clause contains a subject and verb and expresses a complete thought.)

Independent clauses are as follows-

  • I like coffee.
  • Mary likes tea.
  • The earth goes round the sun.
  • Mary did not go to the party.

Compound Sentence Structure

Compound sentence is two (or more) independent clauses joined together by conjunction or semi-colon to form a sentence alone.

Independent Clauses> Coordinating Clauses> Independent Clauses

  • I like coffee and Mary likes tea.
  • Mary went to work but John went to the party.
  • Our car broke down; we came last.

There are seven coordinating conjunctions which can be used to make Compound Sentence Structure that are and, but, or, nor, for, yet, so

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Complex Sentence Structure

Complex sentence consist of independent clause plus a dependent clause.

(A dependent clause starts with a subordinating conjunction or a relative pronoun, and contains a subject and verb, but does not express a complete thought.)

Independent Clauses> Subordinating Clauses> Dependent Clause

  • We missed our plane because we were late.
  • Our dog barks when she hears a noise.
  • He left in a hurry after he got a phone call.
  • Do you know the man who is talking to Mary?

Some of the common subordinating conjunctions which used to make sentence that are-after, although, as, because, before, how, if, once, since, than, that, though, till, until, when, where, whether, while

5 basic relative pronouns used in Complex Sentence Structure are that, which, who, whom, whose

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Compound-Complex Sentence Structure

Compound-complex sentence consists of at least 2 independent clauses and one or more dependent clauses.

Independent Clauses> Subordinating conjunction> Dependent Clause> Coordinating conjunction> Independent Clauses

  • John didn’t come because he was ill so Mary was not happy.
  • He left in a hurry after he got a phone call but he came back five minutes later.

(I planned to drive to work) = independent clause (but I couldn’t) = independent clause (until the mechanic repaired my car) = dependent clause

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Basic Sentence Structure Practice Questions

Question 1: If at first you don’t succeed, destroy all evidence that you tried.

  • complex
  • compound-complex
  • simple
  • compound

Answer: 1

Question 2: The hardness of the butter is proportional to the softness of the bread.

  • complex
  • compound-complex
  • simple
  • compound

Answer: 3

Question 3: You never really learn to swear until you learn to drive.

  • complex
  • compound-complex
  • simple
  • compound

Answer: 1

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Question 4: It takes about half a gallon of water to cook spaghetti, and about a gallon of water to clean the pot.

  • simple
  • compound
  • complex
  • compound-complex

Answer: 2

Question 5: Monday is an awful way to spend one-seventh of your life.

  • compound-complex
  • simple
  • complex
  • compound

Answer: 2

Question 6: Genetics explains why you look like your father and if you don’t, why you should.

  • simple
  • compound
  • complex
  • compound-complex

Answer: 4

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Question 7: To succeed in politics, it is often necessary to rise above your principles.

  • compound-complex
  • simple
  • complex
  • compound

Answer: 3

Question 8: Two wrongs are only the beginning.

  • simple
  • compound
  • complex
  • compound-complex

Answer: 1

Question 9: When oxygen is combined with anything, heat is given off, a process known as “constipation.”

  • compound-complex
  • simple
  • complex
  • compound

Answer: 1

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Question 10: To steal ideas from one person is plagiarism; to steal from many is research.

  • simple
  • compound
  • complex
  • compound-complex

Answer: 2

Question 11: We can wait here until Carlo calls us

  • simple
  • compound
  • complex

Answer: 3

Question 12: Either the engine starts, or we will remain here all night.

  • simple
  • compound
  • complex

Answer: 2

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Question 13: A group of my classmates studied the problem and solved it in a few minutes.

  • simple
  • compound
  • complex
  • compound – complex

Answer: 1

Question 14: The old car was in fairly good operating condition, but the condition of the body was poor.

  • simple
  • compound
  • complex

Answer: 2

Question 15: Identify dependent clause – The small streams that run through the area are loaded with fish.

  • adverb clause
  • adjective clause
  • noun clause

Answer: 2

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Question 16: Identify dependent clause – When the leaves begin to fall, we will harvest the last of our crops.

  • adverb clause
  • adjective clause
  • noun clause

Answer: 1

Question 17: Identify dependent clause -Your sister said you haven’t slept in two or three nights.

  • adverb clause
  • adjective clause
  • noun clause

Answer: 3

Question 18: People who have poor diets are likely to catch colds.

  • adverb clause
  • adjective clause
  • noun clause

Answer: 2

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Question 19: The crew checked the ship and prepared it for sea.

  • simple sentence
  • compound sentence

Answer: 1

Question 20: We must prepare the dam, or the water will rush through

  • simple sentence
  • compound sentence

Answer: 2

Important Instructions of Sentence Structure In English

  • Every sentence should provide clear and complete meaning
  • Make most effective sentences in few words as possible.
  • Effective sentences focus the main point
  • Main point must be located in main clause to make it easier to find.
  • Always consider your purpose for writing before you select a sentence type.
  • Choice of sentence must be depends on your audience. For example,
  • Use simple sentences and short words for children
  • Engineers use more technical language and longer sentences.

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