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Syllogism Tricks – न्याय निगमन, Reasoning आसान तरीका – Example, ट्रिक्स

Syllogism Tricks

Syllogism is an important topic in Reasoning. यह अधिकांश प्रतियोगी परीक्षाओं जैसे बैंक परीक्षा, रेलवे, SSC, आदि में एक बहुत ही महत्वपूर्ण खंड है। आमतौर पर Syllogism का रीज़निंग सेक्शन में बहुत अधिक वज़न होता है और इस प्रकार यह परीक्षा के लिए बहुत महत्वपूर्ण हो जाता है। इसलिए, इन सवालों को हल करने के लिए उम्मीदवारों को सिलेलिज्म ट्रिक्स (Syllogism Tricks) पता होना चाहिए।

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Syllogism Tricks (न्याय निगमन ट्रिक्स)

Syllogism Trick 1

 Venn Diagram Method

  • Read the statement one by one
  • Draw the venn diagram of each statement
  • Follow the sequence of the question while drawing
  • Analyze the conclusion from the Venn diagram
  • Check for other alternative solutions at the end

How To Draw The Figures

Statement

All M are P

Statement

Some M are P

Statement

Some M are not P

Statement

No A is B

Example:

Statements:

I: Some pencils are dogs

II: All dogs are pens

III: All pens are cats

Conclusions:

I: All dogs are cats

II: Some pens are pencils

III: Some pencils are cats

Options:

(a) Only I and II follows

(b) Only I and III follows

(c) Only II and III follows

(d) All follows

(e) None of these

Solution: (d)

Explanation:

Analyzing the first statement, the Venn diagram can be made as;

Now as per the second statement, all dogs are pens, we can draw the Venn diagram as:

Now as per the last statement which says that all pens are cats, we get

Conclusion 1: All dogs are cats – True

Conclusion 2: Some pens are pencils – True

Conclusion 3: Some pencils are cats – True

Hence, All Follows.

Example:

Statements:

I: All men are dogs

II: All dogs are cats

Conclusions:

I: All men are Cats

II: All cats are men

Options:

(a) If conclusion I follows

(b) If conclusion II follows

(c) If either conclusion I or II follows

(d) If neither conclusion I nor II follows

(e) If both conclusion I and II follows

Solution: (a)

Explanation:

Hence, Only I Follows.

Example:

Statements:

I: All locks are keys.

II: All keys are bats.

Conclusions:

I: Some bats are locks.

II: Some locks are keys

Options:

(a) if only conclusion I follows.

(b) if only conclusion II follows.

(c) if both conclusions I & II follow.

(d) if no conclusion follows.

Solution: (c)

Explanation:

Hence, both conclusions I & II follow.

Check Here – How to Prepare Reasoning for Competitive Exams

Syllogism Trick 2

Verbal Method

General format of sentences given in the examinations:

All M are PA type
No M are PE type
Some M are PI type
Some M are not PO type

Following are some common rules that you must know in order to solve Syllogism based problems:

  • All+ All= All
  • All+ No= No
  • All+ Some= No conclusion
  • Some + All= Some
  • Some+ No= Some Not
  • Some+ Some= No conclusion

The most important are the possibility cases and you will need the below rules to attempt such type of questions:

  • If All M are P then Some P are Not M is a Possibility.
  • If Some P are Not M then All M are P is a Possibility.
  • If Some M are P then All M are P is a Possibility and All P are M is a Possibility.

Example

Statement I: Some human is rich.
Statement II: All rich are men.

Conclusions:

I: Some human is a man.
II: All men are rich.

Options:

(a)  The only Conclusion I follows
(b)  Only Conclusion II follows
(c)  Either conclusion I or Conclusion II follows
(d)  Neither conclusion I nor Conclusion II follows

Answer: (a)

Explanation:

From the above statements it is clear that some humans are rich and all rich are man, therefore there is a possibility that some humans are man.

Example

Statement I: All pots are rings.

Statement II: All bangles are rings.

Statement III: All rings are paints.

Conclusions:

I: Some paints are pots.

II: Some bangles are paints.

Options:

(a) if conclusion I follow

(b) if conclusion II follows

(c) if either conclusion 1 or II follows

(d) if neither conclusion I nor II follows

(e) if both conclusion I and II follows

Answer: (e)

Explanation:

All pots are rings + All rings are paints = A + A = A = All pots are paints —> conversion —> Some paints are pots (I)

Hence I follows.

All bangles are rings + All rings are paints = A + A = A = All bangles are paints —> implication -> Some bangles are paints (I)

Hence II follows.

Example

Statement I: All rats are bats

Statement II: Some bats are desks

Statement III: All desks are chairs

Conclusions:

I: Some desks are rats

II: Some chair are rats

Options:

(a) if conclusion I follow

(b) if conclusion II follows

(c) if either conclusion 1 or II follows

(d) if neither conclusion I nor II follows

(e) if both conclusion I and II follows

Answer: (d)

Explanation:

All rats are bats + Some bats are desks = A + I = No conclusion. Hence I and subsequently II do not follow.

Also Check – How to Prepare For Written Examination

Syllogism questions play a very important role in getting good marks in the exam as questions based on Syllogism are easily solved using Syllogism Tricks (न्याय निगमन ट्रिक्स) in a सेकंड.

We hope that above given Syllogism Tricks with examples is very beneficial for you. If you have any query, don’t feel hesitation, share with us through below given comment box.

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