Top 10 Longest Rail Tunnels in the World
For the connection between the two sides of the world’s longest rail tunnel have been constructed and some big tunnels are also under construction. Here is the list of Top 10 Longest Rail Tunnels in the World according to length. These tunnels help us to make journey convenient and also reduce the time of travelling. In the below section the list of Longest Rail Tunnels is given by their Length Detail.
Top 10 Longest Rail Tunnels in the World
|Rank||Name of the Rail Tunnel||Length|
|1||Gothart Base Tunnel Swiss Alps||57 Km|
|2||Brenner Base Tunnel||55 km|
|3||Seikan Rail Tunnel Japan||53.8 Km|
|4||Channel Tunnel England and France||50.5 Km|
|5||Loetschberg Tunnel Switzerland||34.57 Km|
|6||Guadarrama Rail Tunnel Spain||28.4 Km|
|7||Taihang Tunnel China||27.848 Km|
|8||Iwate Ichinohe Tunnel Japan||25.81 Km|
|9||Daishimizu Tunnel Japan||22.2 Km|
|10||Simplon I and II Italy/ Switzerland||19.803 Km|
Gothart Base Tunnel Swiss Alps:
Gothart Base Tunnel is in the Switzerland through Swiss Alps. The length of this tunnel is 57 km. It is expected to be opened in 2017. It will link two villages on either side of the Gotthard mountain range. It will be the longest and deepest traffic tunnel in the world as it has been dug 2000 m below the mountains. It will be a main part of the network connection between northern Europe with south-eastern Europe.
Brenner Base Tunnel:
Brenner Base Tunnel will be 55 km (34 mi) long railway tunnel, which will be the world second largest Rail tunnel in the world. It connects Innsbruck Hauptbahnhof in Austria and Franzensfeste (Fortezza) in Italy. It begun in the year 2008 and expected to opened in 2026.
Seikan Rail Tunnel Japan:
Seikan Rail Tunnel is 53.8 km long and it is the world’s second longest tunnel. It is the world longest undersea tunnel in the world. It connects the island of Honshu to the island of Hokkaidu. It was opened in 13 March 1988 and it has a 23.5 km stretch which has been built under the sea-bed. Total of ¥538.4 billion money was spent to build it. It is the deepest rail tunnel in the world.
Channel Tunnel England and France:
Channel Tunnel is at forth rank in the list of world top ten Longest Rail Tunnels. Commonly known as the Chunnel, it provided a very suitable rail link between England and France. Its way is below the sea bed. It is 50.5 kilometer (31.4 mi) long and 37.9 km of it is below the sea, thus making it the longest undersea tunnel in the world. Its construction starts in 1988 and opened in 1994.
Loetschberg Tunnel Switzerland:
Loetschberg is 34.57 km long and it is the longest land rail tunnel and 5th Rail tunnel in the world. It connects Frutigen, Berne and Raron. Its construction ended in 2006 and opened in 2007. It provides accommodation to both passenger and freight trains. It has been a main benefit for German tourists, who travells to Swiss ski resorts because by this they can save half of their travelling time.
Guadarrama Rail Tunnel Spain:
Guadarrama Rail Tunnel is the 6th largest rail tunnel in the world. It is running between Madrid and Valladolid. It is a high speed rail link, and length of this mine is 28.4 kms. It has two tubes, and it is the longest rail tunnel in Spain.
Taihang Tunnel China:
Taihang Tunnel China is a double track tunnel, which is 27.848m long. It was finished in Dec 22nd, 2007. It was built for the Shitai Passenger Railway and links the capital of the Hebei province, Shijiazhuang with Taiyuan, the capital of the Shanxi province. It is also the third-longest mountain railway tunnel in China.
Iwate Ichinohe Tunnel Japan:
Iwate Ichinohe Tunnel is the 25.810 km long and also world’s eighth largest tunnel. This mine started in 1991 and opened to in 2002. It is a link between Tokyo and Aomori. The max depth of this channel is about 200 metres. It is located at 545 km away from Tokyo Station.
Daishimizu Tunnel Japan:
Daishimizu Tunnel is 22.2 kms long and world’s ninth largest tunnel. It is also located in Japan. It was completed in 1978. While construction 16 workers died because of carbon monoxide poisoning. It cut the travelling time between Nigata and Tokyo down to an hour and forty minutes.
Simplon I and II Italy/ Switzerland:
Simplon I and II Italy tunnel is 19.803 Km long tunnel and at 10th place in the list of world’s largest mines. There are two tunnels and commonly considered as one tunnel. It is the link between Swiss towns Brig with Domodossola of Italy. As Simplon I and II Italy tunnels have only single tracks, they are known as Simplon I & II. First one was opened in 1906 and the second in 1921.
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