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UPSC Sociology Syllabus 2018 Optional Subject for UPSC CSE (IAS) Mains Exam

UPSC Sociology Syllabus

Union Public Commission conducts Prelims, Mains followed by Interview/Personality Test for appointing contenders on government Positions. With the help of UPSC Sociology Syllabus, appearing contenders in UPSC CSE (IAS) Mains Exam on scheduled date can do better preparation. As per UPSC Notification, only candidates meeting the required eligibility criteria can appear in the examination. In order to qualify Civil Services (Mains) Examination, contenders need to have command on each and every subject, so we have provided UPSC Sociology Syllabus 2018 Optional Subject for UPSC CSE (IAS) Mains Exam.  

In Paper II, contenders are required to answer the questions asked from Introducing Indian Society, Social Structure and Social Changes in India chapters. It is informed to the contenders these above mentioned chapters comprises various topics which you need to cover while preparation of the UPSC CSE (IAS) Mains Examination 2018. For the easiness of the contenders, we the team members of recruitmentresult.com have presented UPSC Sociology Syllabus 2018 at the beneath section as well as in PDF form also covering all topics, so what are you waiting for? Go ahead and check complete UPSC Sociology Syllabus!!

UPSC Sociology Syllabus

UPSC CSE Mains Sociology Syllabus

Paper – I: Fundamentals of Sociology

Sociology – The Discipline

  • Modernity and social changes in Europe and emergence of sociology.
  • Scope of the subject and comparison with other social sciences.
  • Sociology and common sense.

Sociology as Science

Science, scientific method and critiqueMajor theoretical strands of research methodology
Positivism and its critiqueFact value and objectivity
Non- positivist methodologies

Research Methods and Analysis

Qualitative and quantitative methodsTechniques of data collection
Variables, sampling, hypothesis, reliability and validity

Sociological Thinkers

  • Karl Marx- Historical materialism, mode of production, alienation, class struggle.
  • Emile Durkheim- Division of labour, social fact, suicide, religion and society.
  • Max Weber- Social action, ideal types, authority, bureaucracy, protestant ethic and the spirit of capitalism.
  • Talcolt Parsons- Social system, pattern variables.
  • Robert K. Merton- Latent and manifest functions, conformity and deviance, reference groups.
  • Mead – Self and identity.

Stratification and Mobility

Concepts

equality, inequality, hierarchy, exclusion, poverty and deprivation

Theories of social stratificationStructural functionalist theory, Marxist theory, Weberian theory
DimensionsSocial stratification of class, status groups, gender, ethnicity and race
Social mobility

open and closed systems, types of mobility, sources and causes of mobility

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Works and Economic Life

  • Social organization of work in different types of society- slave society, feudal society, industrial /capitalist society
  • Formal and informal organization of work
  • Labour and society

Politics and Society

  • Sociological theories of power
  • Power elite, bureaucracy, pressure groups, and political parties
  • Nation, state, citizenship, democracy, civil society, ideology
  • Protest, agitation, social movements, collective action, revolution

Religion and Society

Sociological theories of religion
Types of religious practices Animism, monism, pluralism, sects, cults.
Religion in modern society Religion and science, secularization, religious revivalism, fundamentalism.

Systems of Kinship

Family, household, marriageTypes and forms of family
Lineage and descentPatriarchy and sexual division of labour
Contemporary trends

Social Change in Modern Society

Sociological theories of social changeDevelopment and dependency
Agents of social changeEducation and social change
Science, technology and social change

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Paper – II: Indian Society – Structure and Change

Introducing Indian Society

PERSPECTIVES ON THE STUDY OF INDIAN SOCIETY
Indology (GS. Ghurye)Structural functionalism (M N Srinivas)
Marxist sociology (A R Desai)
IMPACT OF COLONIAL RULE ON INDIAN SOCIETY
Social background of Indian nationalismModernization of Indian tradition
Protests and movements during the colonial periodSocial reforms

Social Structure

RURAL AND AGRARIAN SOCIAL STRUCTURE

The idea of Indian village and village studies.

Agrarian social structure – evolution of land tenure system, land reforms.
CASTE SYSTEM
Perspectives on the study of caste systems: GS Ghurye, M N Srinivas, Louis Dumont, Andre Beteille.Features of caste system.
Untouchability – forms and perspectives.

TRIBAL COMMUNITIES IN INDIA
Definitional problemsGeographical spread
Colonial policies and tribesIssues of integration and autonomy
SOCIAL CLASSES IN INDIA
Agrarian class structureIndustrial class structure
Middle classes in India
SYSTEMS OF KINSHIP IN INDIA
Lineage and descent in IndiaTypes of kinship systems
Family and marriage in IndiaHousehold dimensions of the family
Patriarchy, entitlements and sexual division of labour
RELIGION AND SOCIETY
Religious communities in IndiaProblems of religious minorities

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Social Changes in India

VISIONS OF SOCIAL CHANGE IN INDIA
Idea of development planning and mixed economyConstitution, law and social change
Education and social change

RURAL AND AGRARIAN TRANSFORMATION IN INDIA

Programmes of rural development, Community Development Programme, cooperatives, poverty alleviation schemesGreen revolution and social change
Changing modes of production in Indian agricultureProblems of rural labour, bondage, migration
INDUSTRIALIZATION AND URBANISATION IN INDIA
Evolution of modern industry in IndiaGrowth of urban settlements in India
Working class: structure, growth, class mobilizationInformal sector, child labour
Slums and deprivation in urban areas
POLITICS AND SOCIETY
Nation, democracy and citizenship

Political parties, pressure groups , social and political elite

Regionalism and decentralization of powerSecularization
SOCIAL MOVEMENTS IN MODERN INDIA
Peasants and farmers movementsWomen’s movement
Backward classes & Dalit movementEnvironmental movements
Ethnicity and Identity movements
POPULATION DYNAMICS

Population size, growth, composition and distribution

Components of population growth: birth, death, migration
Population policy and family planningEmerging issues: ageing, sex ratios, child and infant mortality, reproductive health

CHALLENGES OF SOCIAL TRANSFORMATION

Crisis of development: displacement, environmental problems and sustainabilityPoverty, deprivation and inequalities
Violence against womenCaste conflicts
Ethnic conflicts, communalism, religious revivalismIlliteracy and disparities in education

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