Hydro Power Plants in India
Do You Know About Hydro Power Plants in India ? If No, Then this page is for you. The electricity generated by the kinetic energy of falling or flowing water is called Hydroelectricity. In 2005, about 618 GWe (Jigwat electrical) hydroelectric power was generated worldwide, which is about 20% of the total electric power of the world. This electricity is pollution free and it is environmentally friendly. Today, Through this post you can check details of Major Projects, First/ Largest/ Upcoming Hydro Power Plants in India.
Hydropower is the electricity obtained from hydroelectric water. Hydropower is very important in the methods of generation of electric power. One-third of the entire electrical power of the world is received in the form of hydroelectricity.
Thus, the available energy in any form can be used for generation of electric power. The energy contained in the water falling in the waterfall has been used to run the watermill since ancient times, but the use of this energy for electric power is due to the twentieth century itself.
Hydro Power Plants in India
List of Hydroelectric Power Plants in India
|States||River||Hydroelectric Power Plant|
|Andhra Pradesh||Krishna||Nagarjunasagar Hydro Electric Power plant|
|Andhra Pradesh||Krishna||Srisailam Hydro Electric Power plant|
|Andhra Pradesh, Orissa||Machkund||Machkund Hydro Electric Power plant|
|Gujarat||Narmada||Sardar Sarovar Hydro Electric Power plant|
|Himachal Pradesh||Baira||Baira-Siul Hydroelectric Power plant|
|Himachal Pradesh||Sutlej||Bhakra Nangal Hydroelectric Power plant|
|Himachal Pradesh||Beas||Dehar Hydroelectric Power plant|
|Himachal Pradesh||Sutlej||Nathpa Jhakri Hydroelectric Power plant|
|Jammu and Kashmir||Chenab||Salal Hydro Electric Power plant|
|Jammu and Kashmir||Jhelum||Uri Hydro Electric Power plant|
|Jharkhand||Subarnarekha||Subarnarekha Hydroelectric Power plant|
|Karnataka||Kalinadi||Kalinadi Hydro Electric Power plant|
|Karnataka||Sharavathi||Sharavathi Hydroelectric Power plant|
|Karnataka||Kaveri||Shivanasamudra Hydroelectric Power plant|
|Kerala||Periyar||Idukki Hydro Electric Power plant|
|Madhya Pradesh||Sone||Bansagar Hydroelectric Power plant|
|Madhya Pradesh||Narmada||Indira Sagar Hydro Electric Power plant|
|Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh||Rihand||Rihand Hydroelectric Power plant|
|Maharashtra||Koyna||Koyna Hydroelectric Power plant|
|Manipur||Leimtak||Loktak Hydro Electric Power plant|
|Odisha||Sileru||Balimela Hydro Electric Power plant|
|Odisha||Mahanadi||Hirakud Hydro Electric Power plant|
|Sikkim||Rangit||Rangit Hydroelectric Power plant|
|Sikkim||Teesta||Teesta Hydro Electric Power plant|
|Uttarakhand||Bhagirathi||Tehri Hydro Electric Power plant|
|Himachal Pradesh||Baspa||Baspa-II Hydro Electric Power plant|
|Himachal Pradesh||Satluj||Nathpa Jhakri Hydro Electric Power Plant|
|Himachal Pradesh||Beas||Pandoh Dam|
|Jammu and Kashmir||Chenab||Dulhasti|
Check Here: List of Nuclear Power Plants In India
FAQs Related to Hydro Power Plants in India
Ques: What are the major projects of Hydro Power Plants in India?
Major Hydro Power Plants (Producing More Than 100 MW) In India
Must Check: National Highways In India
Ques: Which is the first hydroelectric power plant in India?
Ans: Sidrapong Hydroelectric Power Station ( a.k.a. Sidrapong Hydel Power Station), located at the foothills of Arya Tea Estate 12 km (7.5 mi) from Darjeeling town, is the oldest hydel power station or hydroelectric power plant in India.
Ques: How many hydro power plant are there in India?
Ans: India currently has 197 hydropower plants above 25 MW, plus nine pumped storage stations and ranks fifth in the world for potential hydropower capacity.
Ques: Which is the largest Hydroelectric power plant in India?
Ans: The Koyna Hydroelectric Project is the largest completed hydroelectric power plant in India. It is a complex project with four dams including the largest dam on the Koyna River, Maharashtra hence the name Koyna Hydroelectric Project. The project site is in Satara district near Patan.
Ques: Tell Me Some Details About Upcoming Hydro Power Plants In India.
Ans: Prime Minister Narendra Modi has approved Rs 1600 crore expenditure on pre-investment activities and various clearances for Dibang Multipurpose Project in Arunachal Pradesh. This Upcoming Hydro Power Plant cost is 28080.35 crore and it took estimated time period of nine years.
You Can Also Check: List of Rivers of India
Ques: What are the major components of a Hydroelectric Power Plant?
Ans: The major components of a Hydroelectric Power Plant are:-
- Dam/Barrage: Head works i.e. power intake, head regulator and desilting chambers etc.
- Head race tunnels/channels
- Surge shaft/surge chambers
- Pressure shaft/Penstock
- Underground and surface power house
- Tailrace channel or tailrace tunnel.
Energy is an essential input for economic growth and improvement in quality of life. India is the seventh largest producer of hydroelectric power in the world. The development of electricity in India began in the late 19th century when the electricity supply started in Darjeeling in 1897. After this, a hydel power station was established in 1902 at Sivasamudram in Karnataka.
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