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IAS Syllabus 2018 PDF of New Revised UPSC Civil Services Mains/Prelims Syllabus

IAS Syllabus

Qualifying IAS Examination is the toughest nut to crack, but a proper guidance and an exact IAS Syllabus can help a lot in preparing for it at best level. For the same reason the New Revised UPSC Civil Services Mains/Prelims Syllabus is available here.

There are 03 stages of IAS examination i.e. Preliminary examination and Mains Examination and Interview. To crack Pre and Mains stage of IAS Examination it is must to have proper knowledge about contents of examination that can be availed by the IAS Syllabus 2018 PDF

IAS Examination Paper Inclusions:

Every year Union Public Service Commission organizes Civil Services exam in which around 4- 5 lakhs of applicants participate. Those who plan their studies in a right way ensure their selection. Preliminary exam is objective type consists of two papers General Studies and CSAT.

CSAT is of qualifying nature while score of General studies is taken into account for Mains exam. IAS Main Exam comprise of 9 papers including optional (2 papers) of descriptive one. We, the team of are listing all details about IAS Syllabus 2018 so that you may study well.

IAS Syllabus

Organization nameUnion Public Service Commission
Exam nameIndian Administrative Services (IAS)
Exam dateMentioned soon

About Indian Academy of Science

Indian Academy of Science has been established in 1934. There Eligible candidates are appointed for the civil service to maintain law and order in the country. Candidates are selected on the basis of Civil Services Examination, which is conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC).

Huge numbers of candidates apply for this exam but only few are selected to serve their nation.Applicants have to face some papers to clear this exam. We are giving the UPSC IAS Syllabus according to per paper. Students who are applying are requested to download Civil Service IAS Syllabusprogram, which is provided below.

IAS Syllabus

NOTE: Candidates are advised to go through the Syllabus published in this Section for the Preliminary Examination and the Main Examination, as periodic revision of syllabus has been done in several subjects.

Part A—Preliminary Examination

UPSC IAS Syllabus- Paper I – (200 marks)

Current events of national and international importance.
History of India and Indian National Movement.
Indian and World Geography-Physical, Social, Economic
Geography of India and the World.
Indian Polity and Governance-Constitution, Political System,
Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, Rights Issues, etc.
Economic and Social Development-Sustainable Development,
Poverty, Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector Initiatives, etc.
General issues on Environmental ecology, Bio-diversity and
Climate Change – that do not require subject specialization.
General Science.

IAS Syllabus- Paper II-(200 marks)

Interpersonal skills including communication skills;
Logical reasoning and analytical ability;
Decision making and problem solving;
General mental ability;
Basic numeracy (numbers and their relations,
orders of  magnitude, etc.)  (Class X level),
Data interpretation (charts, graphs, tables,
data sufficiency etc. — Class X level);

You Can Also Check: Latest Current Affairs Updates for Competitive Exams

Part B—Main Examination

Civil IAS Syllabus 2018- PAPER-I

EssayCandidates may be required to write essays on multiple topics.

They will be expected to keep closely to the subject of the
essay to arrange their ideas in orderly fashion, and to write concisely.

Credit will be given for effective and exact expression.

Read Also: How to Prepare for English


IAS Exam Syllabus General Studies-II : Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society.

Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, literature and
Architecture from ancient to modern times.
Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century
until the present- significant events, personalities, issues.
The Freedom Struggle — its various stages and important contributors/
contributions from different parts of the country.
Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.
History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial
revolution, world wars, redrawal of national boundaries, colonization,
decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism
etc.— their forms and effect on the society.
Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.
Role of women and women’s organization, population and associated
issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their
problems and their remedies.
Effects of globalization on Indian society.
Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism.
Salient features of world’s physical geography.
Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including
South Asia and the Indian sub-continent); factors responsible for
the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries
in various parts of the world (including India).
Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami,
Volcanic activity, cyclone etc., geographical features and their location-
changes in critical geographical features (including water-bodies and
ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.



IAS 2018 Syllabus: General Studies- III: Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations.

Indian Constitution—historical underpinnings, evolution,
features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure
Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues
and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of
powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.
Separation of powers between various organs dispute redressal
mechanisms and institutions.
Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries.
Parliament and State legislatures—structure, functioning, conduct of
business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.
Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the
Judiciary—Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure
groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity.
Salient features of the Representation of People’s Act.
Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions
and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies.
Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies.
Government policies and interventions for development in various
sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.
Development processes and the development industry —the role of
NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities,
institutional and other stakeholders.
Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the
Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms,
laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and
betterment of these vulnerable sections.
Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/
Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.
Issues relating to poverty and hunger.
Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability,
e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and
potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and
institutional and other measures.
Role of civil services in a democracy.
India and its neighborhood- relations.
Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements
involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.
Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing
countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.
Important International institutions, agencies and foratheir structure, mandate.

Must Check Below Given Links, To Prepare for History and Geography in Better Way:


IAS Syllabus 2018 Exam General Studies-IV: Technology, Economic Development, Bio diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management

Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization,
of resources, growth, development and employment.
Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.
Government Budgeting.
Major crops-cropping patterns in various parts of the country, –
different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport
and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints;
etechnology in the aid of farmers.
Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and
minimum support prices; Public Distribution System objectives,
functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and
food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.
Food processing and related industries in India- scope’
and significance, location, upstream and downstream
requirements, supply chain management.
Land reforms in India.
Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial
policy and their effects on industrial growth.
Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.
Investment models.
Science and Technology- developments and their applications
and effects in everyday life.
Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization
of technology and developing new technology.
Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics,
nano-technology, bio-technology and issues relating to
intellectual property rights.
Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation,
environmental impact assessment.
Disaster and disaster management.
Linkages between development and spread of extremism.
Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security.
Challenges to internal security through communication
networks, role of media and social networking sites in
internal security challenges, basics of cyber security;
money-laundering and its prevention.
Security challenges and their management in border areas –
linkages of organized crime with terrorism.
Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate.

Must Read This: How To Prepare For Online Exam

IAS Syllabus PAPER-V

IAS Syllabus PDF General Studies- IV: Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude

This paper will include questions to test the candidates’ attitude and approach to issues relating to integrity, probity in public life and his problem solving approach to various issues and conflicts faced by him in dealing with society. Questions may utilise the case study approach to determine these aspects. The following broad areas will be covered :

Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in-human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics – in private and public relationships. Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of family society and educational institutions in inculcating values.
Attitude: content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behaviour; moral and political attitudes; social influence and persuasion.
Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service, integrity, impartiality and non-partisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker-sections.
Emotional intelligence-concepts, and their utilities and application in administration and governance.
Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and world.
Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance; ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance.
Probity in Governance: Concept of public service; Philosophical basis of governance and probity; Information sharing and transparency in government, Right to Information, Codes of Ethics, Codes of Conduct, Citizen’s Charters, Work culture, Quality of service delivery, Utilization of public funds, challenges of corruption.
Case Studies on above issues

Give Now: Online Test For UPSC

IAS Syllabus- Paper 6 and 7

Optional 1 (Of your choice)/ Optional 2 (Of your choice)

Candidates can choose any optional from the subjects, which are given below:

  • List of optional subjects for Main Examination
  • Agriculture
  • Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science
  • Anthropology added in IAS Syllabus
  • Botany
  • Chemistry
  • Civil Engineering
  • Commerce and Accountancy
  • Economics
  • Electrical Engineering Geography
  • Geology
  • History added in IAS Syllabus
  • Law
  • Management
  • Mathematics
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Medical Science
  • Philosophy
  • Physics
  • Political Science and International Relations
  • Psychology
  • Public Administration
  • Sociology added in IAS Syllabus
  • Statistics
  • Zoology
  • Literature of any one of the following languages: Assamese, Bengali, Bodo, Dogri, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Kashmiri, Konkani, Maithili, Malayalam, Manipuri, Marathi, Nepali, Oriya, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Santali, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu, Urdu and English.

Get Here IAS Preparation Links

IAS BooksIAS Previous Year Papers
UPSC IAS Exam Pattern IAS Interview Questions In Hindi
How to Become An IAS OfficerList of Top 10 IAS Coaching Institutes
IAS Toppers Interview QuestionsIAS Preparation Tips For Beginners
How to Prepare for IAS PrelimsHow to Prepare For IAS
Time Required to Prepare for IAS IAS Interview Experience

In short, aspirants, who are going to appear in the Indian Administrative Service, Indian Police Service, Indian Revenue Service, Indian Forest Service and other examination, may get the UPSC IAS Syllabus and exam pattern through online mode. As per the official information, Union Public Service Commission recently published IAS, IPS, IRS, IFS posts Syllabus for selecting the concerned and qualified candidates so for better preparation, you may check 10 Useful Technique to Qualify IAS Exam from our web portal.

About IAS Exam:

IAS examination is conducted by Union Public Service Commission to enroll candidates on various civil services under the Government of India. It is also known as Indian Administrative Service (IAS)/competitive exam. Candidate appearing for IAS exam must be Indian National. This exam is conducted all over India. Candidate may choose any language to conduct exam. IAS exam includes three stages: Preliminary Exam, Mains Exam and Personal Interview/Personality Test.

Important Instructions:

  • Visually Handicapped/ Cerebral Palsy candidates will get compensatory time for completion of the exam.
  • The prelims exam will consist of multiple choice questions only. And mains exam consist of descriptive type questions
  • Answer Keys for a particular exam will be placed on official website.
  • Organization reserves the right to introduce additional stage of examination which would be notified at suitable time, if considered necessary.

Preparation Tips:

  • Proper Information: Candidate must know everything about exam pattern/result date/syllabus etc.
  • Consult With Teacher/Friend: If any problem arises while preparing for a particular exam, candidate must consult with his/her teacher/friends/relatives.
  • Peaceful Time: Candidate must study important subjects in morning as it is the only time no one will disturb you and you will be fresh and it will give peace to your mind
  • Proper Schedule: Candidate must make time table before preparing for examination as it helps you to study well and also cover the topics in prescribed time
  • Practical Knowledge: Always try to do everything practically as it will remain in your mind forever and don’t cram any topic
  • Tricks: Make short tactics to remember formulas/equations etc
  • Last year question paper: Always try to solve last year question paper as it gives idea about exam pattern
  • Exam Pattern: Candidates must check latest exam pattern and prepare for the exam accordingly. After this candidate should have knowledge about which subject he/she will give more importance, which topic have more weightage, etc.


For getting more details about IAS Syllabus 2018, have a glance at its Official Link. Stay tuned with us for getting more updates about added in IAS Syllabus.

Check Below Related Links

IAS Application FormIAS Eligibility Criteria
IAS Cut Off IAS Exam Centers
IAS Officer SalaryUPSC IAS Result 
UPSC IAS Admit CardUPSC IAS Answer Key

Filed in: Syllabus

42 Responses to "IAS Syllabus 2018 PDF of New Revised UPSC Civil Services Mains/Prelims Syllabus"

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