Neighbouring Countries of India List 2022 | Capitals, Prime Ministers

Neighbouring Countries of India

Here, you will find out the list of Neighbouring Countries of India 2022 along with the names of capitals and respective Prime Ministers. India is considered as the second most country that has the highest population and is situated in South Asia. The placement of India is in the Northern Hemisphere and longitudinally it is located in the Eastern Hemisphere.

By reading the details of these Neighbouring Countries of India and the information of states that are sharing border with them, will enhance your general knowledge. You will be able to get answer of the questions related to Geography of India.

Neighbouring Countries of India

Overview on Neighbouring Countries of India:

Total Neighbouring Countries Of India7 and two countries with water borders
Neighbouring Countries Of IndiaAfghanisthan, Pakistan, China, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Maldives and Myammar
Total Land Border Of India15,106.7 k.m
Total Length Of Indian Coastline7516.6 km

Neighbouring Countries of India List:

Afghanistan, Pakistan, China, Bhutan, Nepal, Myanmar, Bangladesh, Maldives and Sri Lanka There are seven countries with which India shares its border:

  • Afghanistan and Pakistan to the north-west
  • China, Bhutan and Nepal to the north
  • Myanmar to the far East
  • Bangladesh to the east

Two countries with water borders:

  • Sri Lanka (from south-east)
  • Maldives (from south-west)
Neighbouring CountryBordering StatesBorder Length
AfghanistanJammu and Kashmir (POK Part)106 Km
BangladeshWest Bengal, Mizoram, Meghalaya,
Tripura, and Assam
4096.7 Km
BhutanArunachal Pradesh, Assam, Sikkim, and West Bengal699 Km
ChinaJammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttrakhand, Sikkim, and Arunachal Pradesh3488 Km
MyanmarArunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Mizoram, and Nagaland1643 Km
NepalSikkim, West Bengal, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, and Uttrakhand1751 Km
PakistanJammu and Kashmir, Punjab, Gujarat, and Rajasthan3323 Km
Sri LankaIt is separated to India by Gulf of MannarSea Border
MaldivesIt lies in the south-west part of India
Ocean below the Lakshadweep Island
Sea Border

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Names of Capitals & Prime Ministers of Neighbouring Countries of India:

The current Prime Minister of India is Narendra Modi and New Delhi is the capital of India. Check the name of capital and Prime Minister of the India’s Neighbouring Countries.

CountryCapitalPrime Minster
AfghanistanKabulDr. Mohammad Ashraf Ghani
BangladeshDhakaSheikh Hasina Wazed
BhutanThimphuLotay Tshering
ChinaBeijingLi Keqiang
MyanmarNaypyidaw, YangonAung San Suu Kyi
NepalKathmanduKP Sharma Oli
PakistanIslamabadImran Khan
Sri LankaColombo (Commercial),
Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte (Legislative)
Mahinda Rajapaksa
MaldivesMaleIbrahim Mohamed Solih

Details of the Neighbouring Countries of India 2022:

Here, in the below section we are sharing some important details of all the neighbouring countries of India for preparation of competitive examination.

1) Afghanistan:

PresidentAshraf Ghani
ParliamentWolesi Jirga (lower House) (250 members)
Official languagesDari and Pashto
State/ Provinces34 Proviences
Capital and largest cityKabul
CurrencyAfghan afghani
National GameBuzkashi
National BirdGrey Peacock-the Golden eagle
National FruitPrunus persica
National TreeAfghan Pine
National animalSnow Leopard
BorderDurand Line

 2) Bangladesh:

PresidentAbdul Hamid
Prime MinisterSheikh Hasina
Official languagesBengali
State/ Provinces8 Provinces
CurrencyBangladeshi taka
National GameVolleyball
National BirdOriental Magpie-Robin
National FruitJackfruit(kathal)
National TreeMango Tree
National animalRoyal Bengal tiger
Highest peakKeokradong
Longest riverSurma
Religion70.2% Buddhism, 12.6% Hinduism
ParliamentJatiyo Shangsad (Bengali) and
House of the Nation(English) (350 Member)
BorderRadcliffe Line

3) Bhutan:

Name of kingDruk Gyalpo (Dragon King)
Monarch Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck
Prime MinisterLotay Tshering
Upper houseNational Council
Official languagesDzongkha
State/ Provinces20 states
Capital and largest cityThimphu
CurrencyNgultrum (BTN)
National AnimalTakin
National Bird The Raven
National GameArchery
National TreeCypress(Tsenden)
National FlowerBlue poppy
Religion 77.4% Vajrayana Buddhism, 22.6% Hinduism
Lower houseNational Assembly (Tshogdu) 55 seats

 4) China:

President Xi Jinping
Official languagesMandarin
State/ Provinces26 Provinces
CurrencySri Lankan Rupee (LKR)
National GameTable Tennis
National BirdRed-crowned crane
National FruitKiwifruit
National TreeMaidenhair tree
National FlowerBlue water lily
National animalGiant Panda
Longest riverYangtze River
BoundariesJammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh,
Sikkim, Uttarakhand and Arunachal Pradesh
ParliamentNational Assembly (2980 members)
BorderMcMahon Line

5) Myanmar:

PresidentWin Myint
Prime MinisterAung San Suu Kyi
National anthemKaba Ma Kyei
Official languagesBurmese
National animalTiger
Capital and largest cityNaypyidaw
CurrencyBurmese Kyat
National GameCaneball
National BirdGrey Peacock-Pheasant
National FruitPadauk
National TreeGreen Peafowl
ParliamentThe House of Representatives (440 seats)
Highest peakHkakabo Razi
Longest riverIrrawaddy River
Famous festivalsThingyan, Kasone, Nayon

6) Nepal:

PresidentBidhya Devi Bhandari
Prime MinisterKP Sharma Oli
Official languagesNepali
State/ Provinces7 Provinces
Capital and largest citySri Jayawardenepura Kotte
CurrencyNepalese rupee
National GameVolleyball
National BirdHimalayan monal (Lophophorus impejanus)
National AnimalCow
National TreeFicus religiosa
National FlowerRhododendron
Highest peakMount Everest
Longest riverKarnali
ParliamentThe National Assembly (275 seats)

7) Pakistan:

PresidentArif Alvi
Prime MinisterImran Khan
Official languagesUrdu, English
State/ Provinces4 Provinces
CurrencyPakistani Rupee
National GameField Hockey
National BirdChukar partridge
National FruitMango(Summer), Guava (Winter)
National TreeDeodar
National AnthemQuami Taranah
Highest peakK2
Longest riverIndus River
ParliamentNational Assembly (342 seats)
BorderRadcliffe Line

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8) Sri Lanka:

PresidentGotabaya Rajapaksa
Prime MinisterMahindra Rajapaksa
Chief JusticeJayantha Jayasuriya
Official languagesSinhala,Tamil
State/ Provinces9 states
Capital and largest citySri Jayawardenepura Kotte
CurrencySri Lankan Rupee (LKR)
National GameVolleyball
National BirdCeylon (Jungle Fowl)
National FruitJackfruit
National TreeIronwood
National FlowerBlue water lily
Highest peakPidurutalagala
Longest riverMahaweli
Religion70.2% Buddhism, 12.6% Hinduism
ParliamentParliamenthua (225 seats)
Famous festivalsSinhala and Tamil New Year, Vesak,
Poson Festival, Kandy Esala Perahera,
Kataragama Festival, Vel Festival, Deepavali

9) Maldives:

PresidentIbrahim Mohamed Solih
ParliamentPeople’s Majlis
Official languagesDhivehi
State/ Provinces1 Only
Capital and largest cityMale
CurrencyMaldivian Rufiyaa
National GameFootball
National BirdWhite-breasted Waterhen
National FruitCoconut
National TreeCoconut Tree
National animalYellowfin Tuna

We the team of hopes that the information provided on this page about Neighbouring Countries of India List 2022 is useful for candidates that are preparing for any competitive examination. It helps in enhancing their General Knowledge.

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