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UPSC Prelims – Indian Polity Syllabus | Civil Services Syllabus 2022 – IAS Exam

Polity Syllabus

The subject Indian Polity is considered as important one in both UPSC IAS Prelims and Mains Exam. Every year various questions related to Indian Polity are asked up in the IAS exams. Applicants going to appear for the upcoming exam must check out the given Polity Syllabus 2022 for UPSC exam before start doing their preparation, as the mentioned Civil Services Polity Syllabus will help you to guide in right direction.


Some of the questions related to Indian Polity Syllabus are also mentioned in the below section of this page. Candidates can download the Indian Polity Syllabus For UPSC Prelims and Mains PDF through direct link provided on this page. Scroll down the cursor to read complete details about the syllabus.

Indian Polity Syllabus


  • Features of preamble
  • 42nd Amendment
  • Swaran Singh committee


  • Basic idea about 12 schedules

Constitution of India – Polity Syllabus

  • Basic idea about All articles
  • Historical Background
  • Drafting committee and making of the Constitution
  • Influence of other constitutions
  • Its salient features
  • Union and its Territory
    • Basic idea about Article 1-4
    • State reorganization and different Commissions
    • Federal nature
    • Recent issues


  • Basic idea about Article 5-11
  • PIO, NRI, OCI and Pravasi Bharathiya Divas
  • Privileges available for Indian citizens and foreigners
  • Citizenship Amendment Act 2016
  • New policies, schemes and recent changes in voting.

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Fundamental Rights (FR) – Indian Polity Syllabus

  • Basic idea about Article 12-35
  • A thorough understanding about Articles 14- 30 and Art. 32
  • Rights and privileges available to citizens of India only and both to citizens and foreigners
  • 44th amendment act
  • Different types of Writs
  • Enforcement and Exceptional cases with regard to FR’s
  • RTE and recent issues related to FR

Fundamental Duties (FD)

  • Article 51A
  • Difference between FR and FD
  • Significance and Criticism
  • Enforcement of FD’s
  • Recent issues about FD

Directive Principles of State Policy (DPSP) – Polity Syllabus

  • Basic idea about Article and Article 36-51 and Article 368
  • Sources and key features of DPSP
  • Classification of DPSP
  • Comparison/ conflicts between Fundamental Rights and Directive Principles
  • Keshavananda Bharathi, Minerva Mills, Golaknath Case, Maneka Gandhi case.
  • Important Amendments- 42nd Amendment, 44th Amendment, and 97th amendment


  • Basic idea about Article 52-73
  • Qualification and Election
  • Function and Powers- (Executive, Legislative, Financial, Judicial, Diplomatic, Military and Emergency Powers)
  • Resignation and impeachment
  • Role and responsibilities and relationship with Prime minister, Council of Minister, Cabinet ministers.
  • Prime minister and council of minister- Basic idea about Article 74-75
  • Powers and Functions
  • Council of ministers
  • Resignation and Removal
  • Attorney general

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Parliament – Indian Polity Syllabus

  • Basic idea about Article related
  • Role and functions of the Parliament
  • Sessions, Motions, Parliamentary procedure – Summoning, Prorogation, Joint sitting
  • Parliamentary proceedings like Question Hour, Zero Hour, and Adjournment Motion etc.
  • Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha,
  • Special powers of Rajya Sabha
  • Anti-defection law and 10th schedule
  • Parliamentary Privileges
  • Bill and law making procedure
  • Budget, funds and its summary
  • Parliamentary Committees


  • Basic idea about Article related to the judiciary.
  • Powers of Supreme court and high court
  • Qualification and appointment
  • Removal procedure
  • Recent controversy, verdicts, and constitutional provisions.

State Government- State Executive

  • Governor- appointment, removal and special powers.
  • Executive, Legislative, Financial, Judicial powers and discretionary of governor
  • 7th constitutional amendment
  • Chief minister and council of ministers
  • Power of chief minister

State Legislature

  • State legislature compared to the Parliament with regard to composition, powers, and functions.
  • Bicameral legislatures
  • Creation and abolition of the Legislative councils

Administration of Union Territories (UT) – Polity Syllabus

  • Special provision for Delhi
  • Administration and jurisdiction in UT’s

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Administration of Special Areas

  • Basic idea about 5th Schedule 6th Schedule
  • Recent issues related to Administration of Special Areas
  • Special provision for Jammu and Kashmir-Article 370
  • Difference between constitutional provisions related to Jammu and Kashmir

Emergency Provisions – Indian Polity Syllabus

  • National emergency- Article 352
  • President’s rule or State emergency- Article 356
  • Financial emergency- Article 360
  • 44th amendment act
  • Effects and implications of emergency
  • Role of President in emergency time
  • The State of FR, Lok sabha, and Rajya sabha
  • Revoking emergency

State- centre and interstate relations

  • Basic idea about Articles 262 and 263
  • Composition and functions of Interstate council and Zonal council
  • Inter-State trade and Commerce
  • Recent disputes between states, controversies etc
  • New policies or schemes which impact interstate relations

Panchayati raj and municipalities 

  • Elections, auditing, powers and authority of panchayats
  • 3 tier structure
  • 73rd Amendment Act and 74th Amendment Act
  • Relation with FR and DPSP
  • Schemes introduced
  • Metropolitan planning committee and urban development
  • Reservation

Constitution Bodies – Indian Polity Syllabus

  • Election Commission
  • UPSC
  • SPSC
  • JPSC
  • Finance Commission
  • National Commission for SCs and ST’s,
  • Composition, Powers and functions, Removal of the Constitutional bodies

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Non-Constitutional Bodies – Polity Syllabus

Basic idea about Composition, Functions, Working of the Non-Constitutional bodies such as National Human Rights Commission, Central Information Commission, Central Vigilance Commission, Central Bureau of Investigation, State Human Rights Commission, State Information Commission etc


  • Basic idea about Article 323A and tribunals under Article 323B
  • Recent controversial issues related to tribunals
  • Different tribunals and importance

Special Provisions for SC’s, ST’s, Backward Classes, Minorities and Anglo-Indians

  • Privileges and right issued to SC’s, ST’s, Backward Classes, Minorities and Anglo-Indians
  • Issues related to vulnerable sections like women, child, SC’s, ST’s, Backward Classes, Minorities and Anglo-Indians

Current Affairs

  • Recent issues related to above-mentioned categories
  • Important schemes, programs, missions, laws, and policies launched by the government.
  • Recent Government Bills and Governance- actions

Download: UPSC Indian Polity Syllabus PDF

Questions from Important Topics of Indian Polity:

Ques: Which one of the following objectives is not embodied in the Preamble to the Constitution of India?

(a) Liberty of thought

(b) Economic liberty

(c) Liberty of expression

(d) Liberty of belief

Ans- (b) Economic Liberty

Ques: Right to vote and to be elected in India is a

(a) Fundamental Right

(b) Natural Right

(c) Constitutional Right

(d) Legal Right

Ans- C (Constitutional Right)

Ques: Which of the following statements is/are true of the Fundamental Duties of an Indian citizen?

(1) A legislative process has been provided to enforce these duties.

(2) They are correlative to legal duties. Select the correct answer using the code given below:

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Ans- (d) Neither 1 nor 2

Ques:  Which of the following are not necessarily the consequences of the proclamation of the President’s rule in a State?

(1) Dissolution of the State Legislative Assembly

(2) Removal of the Council of Ministers in the State

(3) Dissolution of the local bodies

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 1 and 3 only

(c) 2 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2and 3

Ans- (b) 1 and 3 Only

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Ques:  For election to the Lok Sabha, a nomination paper can be filed by

(a) anyone residing in India.

(b) a resident of the constituency from which the election is to be contested.

(c) any citizen of India whose name appears in the electoral roll of a constituency.

(d) any citizen of India.

Ans- C (any citizen of India whose name appears in the electoral roll of a constituency).

Ques: (1) The Parliament of India can place a particular law in the Ninth Schedule of the Constitution of India.
(2) The validity of a law placed in the Ninth Schedule cannot be examined by any court and no judgement can be made on
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Ans- (a) 1 Only

Ques: The mind of the makers of the Constitution of India is reflected in which of the following?

(a) The Preamble

(b) The Fundamental Rights

(c) The Directive Principles of State Policy

(d) The Fundamental Duties

Ans- (a) The Preamble

Ques: The main advantage of the parliamentary form of government is that

(a) the executive and legislature work independently.

(b) it provides continuity of policy and is more efficient.

(c) the executive remains responsible to the legislature.

(d) the head of the government cannot be changed without election.

Ans- (c) the executive remains responsible to the legislature

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Ques: With reference to the Constitution of India, the Directive Principles of State Policy constitute limitations upon

(1) legislative function.

(2) executive function.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Ans- (d) Neither 1 nor 2

The details mentioned on this page of recruitmentresult.com about Indian Polity Syllabus will be helpful in their preparation of IAS Prelims and Mains Exams. Applicants must go through this complete page to get details of UPSC Polity Syllabus.

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