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UPSC Anthropology Syllabus 2022 CSE Mains (Optional Subject) Download

UPSC Anthropology Syllabus

All those candidates who are going to appear in the UPSC CSE Mains Exam to be held from 07-01-2022 to 16-01-2022 can download UPSC Anthropology Syllabus 2022 from here. Individuals can make their study plan for the Anthropology (Optional Subject) through the latest and updated UPSC Anthropology Syllabus given here. Aspirants can directly download UPSC Anthropology Exam Syllabus for UPSC Paper 1 or 2 from here.


UPSC Anthropology Optional Syllabus: Highlights

Conducting Body Union Public Service Commission (UPSC)
Exam Name Civil Services Examination
Exam Level National
Category UPSC Anthropology Syllabus
Status of UPSC Syllabus 2022 Available
Official Website www.upsconline.nic.in
Exam Periodicity Yearly
Exam Mode Offline (Pen-Paper Mode)

Civil Services (Main) Examination 2022 Time Table

Forenoon Session (9:00 AM to 12:00 PM)

Date/Day Forenoon Session (9:00 AM to 12:00 PM)
07-01-2022 (Friday) Paper-I (Essay)
08-01-2022 (Saturday) Paper-II(General Studies-I)
09-01-2022 (Sunday) Paper-IV (General Studies-III)
15-01-2022 (Saturday) Paper-A (Indian Languages)
Gujarati/Hindi/Kannada/Kashmiri/ Konkani/Maithili/Malayalam/Manipuri/
Santhali (Devanagari/Olchiki Script)/Sindhi (Devanagari/Arabic
16-01-2022 (Sunday)  Paper-VI (Optional Paper-I)
[Agriculture/Animal Husbandry &Veterinary Science/ Anthropology/ Botany/

Chemistry/Civil Engineering/ Commerce &


Economics/ Electrical Engineering/


History/Law/Management/ Mathematics/

Mechanical Engineering/ Medical Science/

Philosophy/ Physics/ Political Science &

International Relations/ Psychology/Public Administration/Sociology/ Statistics/

Zoology/ Literature of any one of the

following languages:
Assamese/Bengali/Bodo/ Dogri/




Tamil/Telugu/Urdu/ English]

Afternoon Session (2:00 PM to 5:00 PM)

Date/Day Afternoon Session (2:00 PM to 5:00 PM)
07-01-2022 (Friday) No Paper
08-01-2022 (Saturday) Paper-III (General Studies-II)
09-01-2022 (Sunday) Paper-V (General Studies-IV)
15-01-2022 (Saturday) Paper-BEnglish
16-01-2022 (Sunday) Paper-VII (Optional Paper-II)
[Agriculture/Animal Husbandry & Veterinary Science/ Anthropology/Botany/ Chemistry/Civil Engineering/
Commerce & Accountancy/ Economics/ Electrical Engineering/ Geography/
Geology/ History/ Law/ Management/ Mathematics/ Mechanical Engineering/ Medical Science/ Philosophy/ Physics/Political Science & International Relations/ Psychology/Public Administration/Sociology/Statistics/ Zoology/Literature of any one of the following languages:
Assamese/Bengali/Bodo/ Dogri/


UPSC Civil Services Exam Dates Official PDF

UPSC Civil Services Exam Dates 2022

UPSC Civil Services Exam Dates 2022:

Events Important dates
UPSC IAS notification 2022 02-02-2022
UPSC IAS 2022 apply online 02-02-2022
UPSC IAS application form 2022 Last date 22-02-2022
Last date for fee payment (offline) To be announced
Fee payment last date (online) To be announced
UPSC IAS 2022 application withdrawal facility March 2022 (tentative)
UPSC IAS 2022 prelims exam date 05-06-2022 (Sunday)
Mains exam 16-09-2022 (Friday) (Five Days)

UPSC Anthropology Syllabus

UPSC Anthropology 2022 Syllabus for Paper I

UPSC Mains Anthropology Syllabus – Anthropology, Their Scope And Relevance

  • Social- cultural Anthropology
  • Biological Anthropology
  • Archaeological Anthropology
  • Linguistic Anthropology
  • Human Evolution and emergence of Man:
  • Biological and Cultural factors in human evolution.
  • Theories of Organic Evolution (Pre- Darwinian, Darwinian and PostDarwinian).
  • Synthetic theory of evolution
  • Brief outline of terms and concepts of evolutionary biology

UPSC Anthropology Syllabus – Primates:

Characteristics of Primates
Evolutionary Trend and Primate Taxonomy
Primate Adaptations
Primate Behavior
Tertiary and Quaternary fossil primates
Living Major Primates
Comparative Anatomy of Man and Apes
Skeletal changes due to erect posture and its implications
Marriage: UPSC Anthropology Syllabus PDF
Definition and universality
Laws of marriage
Types of marriage
Functions of marriage
Marriage regulations
Marriage payments

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Anthropology Syllabus For UPSC – Economic Organization:

  • Meaning, scope and relevance of economic anthropology
  • Formalist and Substantivist debate
  • Principles governing production, distribution and exchange (reciprocity, redistribution and market), in communities, subsisting on hunting and gathering, fishing, swiddening, pastoralism, horticulture, and agriculture
  • Globalization and indigenous economic systems.

UPSC Anthropology Syllabus – Political organization and Social Control

  • Band, tribe, chiefdom, kingdom and state
  • Concepts of power, authority and legitimacy; social control, law and justice in simple societies.

UPSC Mains Anthropology Syllabus – Religion:

Anthropological approaches to the study of religion
(evolutionary, psychological and functional)
Monotheism and polytheism
Sacred and profane
Myths and rituals
Forms of religion in tribal and peasant societies (animism, animatism
Fetishism, naturism and totemism)
Religion, magic and science distinguished
Magico- religious functionaries (priest, shaman, medicine man, sorcerer and witch).

UPSC Anthropology Syllabus – Anthropological Theories

  • Classical evolutionism (Tylor, Morgan and Frazer)
  • Historical particularism (Boas);
  • Diffusionism (British, German and American)
  • Functionalism (Malinowski); Structural- functionlism (RadcliffeBrown)
  • Structuralism (L’evi – Strauss and E. Leach)
  • Culture and personality (Benedict, Mead, Linton, Kardiner and Cora – du Bois).
  • Neo – evolutionism (Childe, White, Steward, Sahlins and Service)
  • Cultural materialism (Harris)
  • Symbolic and interpretive theories (Turner, Schneider and Geertz)
  • Cognitive theories (Tyler, Conklin)
  • Post- modernism in anthropology

Anthropology Syllabus For UPSC (Paper II)

UPSC IAS Anthropology Syllabus – Evolution of the Indian Culture and Civilization:

  • Prehistoric (Palaeolithic, Mesolithic, Neolithic and Neolithic – Chalcolithic). Protohistoric (Indus Civilization): Pre- Harappan, Harappan and post- Harappan cultures. Contributions of tribal cultures to Indian civilization.
  • Palaeo -anthropological evidences from India with special reference to Siwaliks and Narmada basin (Ramapithecus, Sivapithecus and Narmada Man).
  • Ethno-archaeology in India:
  • The concept of ethno-archaeology; Survivals and Parallels among the hunting, foraging, fishing, pastoral and peasant communities including arts and crafts producing communities.

Check Updated: UPSC Exam Pattern

UPSC Anthropology Syllabus – Demographic profile of India:

  • Ethnic and linguistic elements in the Indian population and their distribution. Indian population – factors influencing its structure and growth.
  • The structure and nature of traditional Indian social system – Varnashram, Purushartha, Karma, Rina and Rebirth.
  • Caste System in India: UPSC Anthropology Syllabus
  • Structure and characteristics, Varna and caste, Theories of origin of caste system, Dominant caste, Caste mobility, Future of caste system, Jajmani system, Tribecaste continuum.
  • Sacred Complex and Nature- ManSpirit Complex.
  • Impact of Buddhism, Jainism, Islam and Christianity on Indian society.
  • Emergence and growth of anthropology in India-Contributions of the 18th, 19th and early 20th Century scholar-administrators. Contributions of Indian anthropologists to tribal and caste studies.
  • Indian Village: Significance of village study in India; Indian village as a social system; Traditional and changing patterns of settlement and inter-caste relations; Agrarian relations in Indian villages; Impact of globalization on Indian villages.
  • Linguistic and religious minorities and their social, political and economic status.
  • Indigenous and exogenous processes of socio-cultural change in Indian society: Sanskritization, Westernization, Moderni-zation; Inter-play of little and great traditions; Panchayati raj and social change; Media and social change.
  • Tribal situation in India – Bio-genetic variability, linguistic and socio-economic characteristics of tribal populations and their distribution.
  • Problems of the tribal Communities – land alienation, poverty, indebtedness, low literacy, poor educational facilities, unemployment, underemployment, health and nutrition.
  • Developmental projects and their impact on tribal displacement and problems of rehabilitation. Development of forest policy and tribals. Impact of urbanization and industrialization on tribal populations.
  • Problems of exploitation and deprivation of Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and Other Backward Classes. Constitutional safeguards for Scheduled Tribes and Scheduled Castes.
  • Social change and contemporary tribal societies: Impact of modern democratic institutions, development programmes and welfare measures on tribals and weaker sections.
  • The concept of ethnicity; Ethnic conflicts and political developments; Unrest among tribal communities; Regionalism and demand for autonomy; Pseudo-tribalism; Social change among the tribes during colonial and post-Independent India.
  • Impact of Hinduism, Buddhism, Christianity, Islam and other religions on tribal societies.
  • Tribe and nation state – a comparative study of tribal communities in India and other countries.
  • History of administration of tribal areas, tribal policies, plans, programmes of tribal development and their implementation. The concept of PTGs (Primitive Tribal Groups), their distribution, special programmes for their development. Role of N.G.O.s in tribal development.
  • Role of anthropology in tribal and rural development.
  • Contributions of anthropology to the understanding of regionalism, communalism, and ethnic and political movements.

UPSC CSE Mains Anthropology Syllabus

While preparing for UPSC Anthropology paper, pay attention on Indian context & Practice diagrams for the physical anthropology part through UPSC Optional Subject Anthropology Syllabus.

UPSC Syllabus of Anthropology

Try to make your own notes through UPSC Anthropology Optional Syllabus PDF, or by referring previous year question papers, you may prepare well for Anthropology exam. It will also help you in knowing which questions are majorly asked in paper.

Also Check Out:

UPSC Anthropology Study Material

  • Physical Anthropology – P. Nath
  • Outlines of Physical Anthropology – B.M.Das
  • An Introduction to Social Anthropology – Majumdar & Madan
  • Indian anthropology – R.N.Sharma
  • Indian Anthropology – Nadeem Hasnain (Good source of case studies)
  • An Introduction to Social Anthropology – Makhan Jha
  • Tribal India – Nadeem Hasnain
  • Internet and Newspapers for current events.

Anthropology UPSC Syllabus

Anthropology is a combination of science and social science subjects. So, aspirants are recommended to understand the basics of each topic from UPSC Anthropology Optional Syllabus PDF. UPSC Anthropology Syllabus PDF will also assist you to correlate with topics.

UPSC Anthropology Exam Syllabus

Anthropology subject is one of the optional papers in UPSC IAS Mains Exam. Applicants, who’re preparing for this subject, they can plan their study for IAS Mains Exam through updated UPSC Mains Anthropology Syllabus or IAS Mains Anthropology Syllabus.

Press Here: UPSC Official Website

UPSC Optional Anthropology Books 2022:

UPSC Anthropology Books/Subjects Authors
Anthropology Theories Makhan Jha’s
Physical Anthropology P.Nath / S.Das
Indian Anthropology R.N Sharma / Nadeem Hasnain
Fossil Evidence S Das
Social Anthropology Maunder/Madan

UPSC Anthropology Optional Books 2022

UPSC Anthropology Books/Subjects Authors
Tribal India Nadeem Hasnain
Xaxa committee report State, society and tribes Virginius Xaxa
An Introduction to Anthropological thought ( Theories) Makhan Jha
Anthropology Ember and Ember
An Introduction to Social Anthropology D.N.Majumdar & T. N. Madan
Indian Anthropology Nadeem Hasnain


To get more updates regarding the UPSC Anthropology Syllabus 2022, bookmark our web portal recruitmentresult.com.

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