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UPSC Political Science Syllabus 2022 IAS Optional Subject – Download pdf

UPSC Political Science Syllabus

Political Science is a subject of choice in Civil services exams. It is Optional subject for IAS exam. Aspirants may download UPSC Political Science Syllabus PDF form this page. It is helpful for those who are going to participate in UPSC Civil Services Main Exam. You will get complete and detailed UPSC Optional Subject Political Science Syllabus in Hindi or English.


Conducting Body Union Public Service Commission
Exam IAS Mains Exam
Category UPSC Political Science Syllabus 2022
Official Website www.upsc.gov.in

 UPSC Political Science Syllabus

UPSC Political Science Exam Pattern:

  • There is only “ONE” optional subject to choose from the list of optional subjects.
  • It comprises of two papers each of 250 marks. So, the optional paper has total 500 marks.
  • In UPSC Civil Services Mains Exam, Political Science is one of the Optional Subjects and consists of 2 papers.
  • Each paper is of 250 marks with a total of 500 marks.

Get Here >> UPSC Political Science Syllabus 2022 PDF Download

UPSC Political Science Syllabus 2022

All the candidates who are going to appear for IAS Mains Exam they must go through the detailed Topic Wise Political Science Syllabus which is provided here:

Part I

Political Theory and Indian Politics
Politicaltheory meaning and approaches
Theories of the state:Liberal, Neoliberal, Marxist, Pluralist, Post-colonial and feminist.
Justice: Conceptions of justice with special reference to Rawl’s theory of justice and its communitarian critiques.
Equality: Social, political and economic;relationship between equality and freedom; Affirmative action.
Rights: Meaning and theories; different kinds of rights; concept of Human Rights.
Democracy: Classical and contemporary theories; different models of democracy –representative, participatory and deliberative.
Concept of power, hegemony, ideology and legitimacy.
Political Ideologies: Liberalism, Socialism, Marxism, Fascism, Gandhism and Feminism.
Indian Political Thought: Dharamshastra, Arthashastra and Buddhist traditions; Sir Syed Ahmed Khan, S r i Aurobindo, M.K. Gandhi, B.R. Ambedkar,M.N. Roy .
Western Political Thought: Plato ,Aristotle, Machiavelli, Hobbes, Locke, John,S. Mill, Marx, Gramsci, Hannah Arendt.
Indian Government and politics
Indian Nationalism: Political Strategies of India’s Freedom struggle : constitutionalism to mass Satyagraha, Non-cooperation, Civil Disobedience ; millitant and revolutionary movements, Peasant and workers’ movements. Perspectives on Indian National Movement: Liberal, Socialist and Marxist; Radical humanist and Dalit.
Making of the Indian Constitution: Legacies of the British rule; different social and political perspectives.
Salient Features of the Indian Constitution: The Preamble, Fundamental Rights and Duties, Directive Principles; Parliamentary System and Amendment Procedures; Judicial Review and Basic Structure doctrine.
Principal Organs of the Union Government: Envisaged role and actual working of the Executive, Legislature and Supreme Court. Principal Organs of the State Government: Envisaged role and actual working of the Executive, Legislature and High Courts.
Grassroots Democracy: Panchayati Raj and Municipal Government; significance of 73rd and 74th Amendments; Grassroot movements.
Statutory Inst i tut ions/Commissions: Election Commission, Comptroller and Auditor General, Finance Commission, Union Public Service Commission, National Commission for Scheduled Castes, National Comission for scheduled Tribes, National Commission for Women; National Human Rights Commission, National Commission for Minorities, National Backward Classes Commission.
Federalism: Constitutional provisions; changing nature of centre-state relations; integrationist tendencies and regional aspirations; inter-state disputes.
Planning and Economic Development : Nehruvian and Gandhian perspectives; role of planning and public sector; Green Revolution, land reforms and agrarian relations; liberalilzation and economic reforms.
Caste, Religion and Ethnicity in Indian Politics
Party System: National and regional political parties, ideological and social bases of parties; patterns of coalition politics; Pressure groups, trends in electoral behaviour; changing socio- economic profile of Legislators.
Social Movements: Civil liberties and human rights movements; women’s movements; environmentalist movements

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Part II

Comparative Politics and International Relations
Comparative Political Analysis and International Politics:
Comparative Politics: Nature and major approaches; political economy and political sociology perspectives; limitations of the comparative method.
State in comparative perspective: Characteristics and changing nature of the State in capitalist and socialist economies, and, advanced industrial and developing societies.
Politics of Representation and Participation: Political parties, pressure groups and social movements in advanced industrial and developing societies.
Globalisation: Responses from developed and developing societies.
Approaches to the Study of International Relations: Idealist, Realist, Marxist, Functionalist and Systems theory.
Key concepts in International Relations: National interest, Security and power; Balance of power and deterrence; Transnational actors and collective security; World capitalist economy and globalisation.
Changing International Political Order:
  • Rise of super powers; strategic and ideological Bipolarity, arms race and Cold War; nuclear threat;
  • Non-al igned movement : Aims and achievements;
  • Collapse of the Soviet Union; Unipolarity and American hegemony; relevance of non-alignment in the contemporary world
Evolution of the International Economic System: From Brettonwoods to WTO; Socialist economies and the CMEA (Council for Mutual Economic Assistance); Third World demand for new international economic order; Globalization of the world economy.
United Nations: Envisaged role and actual record; specialized UN agencies-aims and functioning; need for UN reforms.
Regionalization of World Politics: EU, ASEAN, APEC, SAARC, NAFTA.
Contemporary Global Concerns: Democracy, human rights, environment, gender justice, terrorism, nuclear proliferation.
India and the World
Indian Foreign Policy: Determinants of foreign policy; institutions of policy-making; continuity and change.
India’s Contribution to the Non-Alignment Movement: Different phases; current role
India and South Asia:
  • Regional Co-operation: SAARC – past performance and future prospects.
  • South Asia as a Free Trade Area.
  • India’s “Look East” policy.
  • Impediments to regional co-operation: river water disputes; illegal cross-border migration; ethnic conflicts and insurgencies; border disputes.
India and the Global South: Relations with Africa and Latin America; leadership role in the demand for NIEO and WTO negotiations.
India and the Global Centres of Power: USA, EU, Japan, China and Russia.
India and the UN System: Role in UN Peace-keeping; demand for Permanent Seat in the Security Council.
India and the Nuclear Question: Changing perceptions and policy.
Recent developments in Indian Foreign policy: India’s position on the recent crisis in Afghanistan, Iraq and West Asia, growing relations with US and Israel; vision of a new world order.

More Links Related To UPSC Syllabus

UPSC Indian Polity Syllabus UPSC Anthropology Syllabus
UPSC Public Administration Syllabus UPSC History Syllabus
UPSC Geography Syllabus UPSC Sociology Syllabus

Preparation Tips:

To crack UPSC IAS Mains, candidates should follow below stated guidelines:

  • Candidates who are going to appear in the exam must organize their study space as you have enough space to spread your textbooks and notes out
  • For better preparation, try to use flowchart and diagrams as it helps you when you are revising the main topics and you can also use it to explain your answer is exam
  • Practice previous year question papers as it is one of the effective way for preparation
  • Explain your answers to your teachers, friends or siblings
  • Don’t study continuously for many hours, take break in between
  • Also appear for online mock test, this will increase your speed

About UPSC IAS Mains Exam:

Political Science subject is one of the optional papers in UPSC IAS Mains Exam. There is only “ONE” optional subject to choose from the list of optional subjects. It comprises of two papers each of 250 marks. So, the optional paper has total 500 marks. Political Science consists of 2 papers.

Each paper is of 250 marks with a total of 500 marks. Candidates can go through below section of this page to know more about UPSC Political Science Syllabus 2022.

Final Words:

Candidates can go through this complete page or hit Official Link to grab rest details of UPSC Political Science Syllabus 2022.

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