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UPSC Sociology Syllabus 2022 IAS Mains (Optional Subject) Exam Download

UPSC Sociology Syllabus

Sociology is the scientific study of society including patterns of social communication. It is one of the optional subjects of UPSC IAS Exam. Download UPSC Sociology Syllabus 2022 For IAS Mains Exam. After closing of registration for UPSC Civil Services 2022, UPSC IAS Prelims Exam is organizing in the month of October 2022. Those qualified under prelims will undergo UPSC IAS Mains. For best preparation, refer UPSC Sociology Syllabus PDF.


UPSC Sociology (Optional Subject) Syllabus:

Those who have selected Sociology as an optional subject for UPSC IAS Mains Exam 2022, they may view UPSC Sociology Exam Syllabus PDF. Candidates are hereby informed that UPSC Mains Sociology Syllabus is having all important topics & sub topics.

Sociology is main subject of optional paper in the Civil Services Mains Examination. Paper II of Sociology deals with the Indian society, its structure, change. For knowing more about UPSC Sociology Syllabus 2022, take a look of below page prepared by team of recruitmentresult.com

Civil Services (Main) Examination 2022 Time Table

Forenoon Session (9:00 AM to 12:00 PM)

Date/Day Forenoon Session (9:00 AM to 12:00 PM)
07-01-2022 (Friday) Paper-I (Essay)
08-01-2022 (Saturday) Paper-II (General Studies-I)
09-01-2022 (Sunday) Paper-IV (General Studies-III)
15-01-2022 (Saturday) Paper-A (Indian Languages)
Gujarati/Hindi/Kannada/Kashmiri/ Konkani/Maithili/Malayalam/Manipuri/
Santhali (Devanagari/Olchiki Script)/

Sindhi (Devanagari/Arabic

16-01-2022 (Sunday)  Paper-VI (Optional Paper-I)
[Agriculture/Animal Husbandry &Veterinary Science/ Anthropology/ Botany/Chemistry/Civil Engineering/ Commerce &


Economics/ Electrical Engineering/


History/Law/Management/ Mathematics/

Mechanical Engineering/ Medical Science/

Philosophy/ Physics/ Political Science &

International Relations/ Psychology/Public Administration/Sociology/ Statistics/

Zoology/ Literature of any one of the

following languages:
Assamese/Bengali/Bodo/ Dogri/




Tamil/Telugu/Urdu/ English]

Afternoon Session (2:00 PM to 5:00 PM)

Date/Day Afternoon Session (2:00 PM to 5:00 PM)
07-01-2022 (Friday) No Paper
08-01-2022 (Saturday) Paper-III (General Studies-II)
09-01-2022 (Sunday) Paper-V (General Studies-IV)
15-01-2022 (Saturday) Paper-B English
16-01-2022 (Sunday) Paper-VII (Optional Paper-II)
[Agriculture/Animal Husbandry & Veterinary Science/ Anthropology/Botany/ Chemistry/Civil Engineering/
Commerce & Accountancy/ Economics/ Electrical Engineering/ Geography/
Geology/ History/ Law/ Management/ Mathematics/ Mechanical Engineering/ Medical Science/ Philosophy/ Physics/Political Science & International Relations/ Psychology/Public Administration/Sociology/Statistics/ Zoology/Literature of any one of the following languages:
Assamese/Bengali/Bodo/ Dogri/



UPSC Civil Services Exam Dates 2022

UPSC Civil Services Exam Dates 2022:

Events Important dates
UPSC IAS notification 2022 02-02-2022
UPSC IAS 2022 apply online 02-02-2022
UPSC IAS application form 2022 Last date 22-02-2022
Last date for fee payment (offline) To be announced
Fee payment last date (online) To be announced
UPSC IAS 2022 application withdrawal facility March 2022 (tentative)
UPSC IAS 2022 prelims exam date 05-06-2022 (Sunday)
Mains exam 16-09-2022 (Friday) (Five Days)

Direct Link To Download: 

UPSC Civil Services Exam Dates Official PDF

UPSC Sociology Syllabus PDF

UPSC Sociology Syllabus

UPSC Sociology Syllabus Optional

Sociology Optional syllabus for UPSC Main Examination is divided into Paper-1 and Paper-2. While Paper-1 comprises of the core sociological concepts, Paper-2 largely deals with Indian society. We’ve here tabulated the topic-wise sociology optional syllabus for your convenience.

Paper 1: Fundamentals of Sociology

Sociology – The Discipline
  • Modernity and social changes in Europe and the emergence of sociology.
  • Scope of the subject and comparison with other social sciences.
  • Sociology and common sense.
Sociology as Science
  • Science, scientific method and critique.
  • Major theoretical strands of research methodology.
  • Positivism and its critique.
  • Fact value and objectivity.
  • Non- positivist methodologies.
Research Methods and Analysis
  • Qualitative and quantitative methods.
  • Techniques of data collection.
  • Variables, sampling, hypothesis, reliability, and validity.
Sociological Thinkers
  • Karl Marx- Historical materialism, mode of production, alienation, class struggle.
  • Emile Durkheim- Division of labor, social fact, suicide, religion, and society.
  • Max Weber- Social action, ideal types, authority, bureaucracy, the protestant ethic, and the spirit of capitalism.
  • Talcott Parsons- Social system, pattern variables.
  • Robert K. Merton- Latent and manifest functions, conformity and deviance, reference groups.
  • Mead – Self and identity.
Stratification and Mobility
  • Concepts- equality, inequality, hierarchy, exclusion, poverty and deprivation.
  • Theories of social stratification- Structural functionalist theory, Marxist theory, Weberian theory.
  • Dimensions – Social stratification of class, status groups, gender, ethnicity and race.
  • Social mobility- open and closed systems, types of mobility, sources and causes of mobility.
Works and Economic Life
  • Social organization of work in different types of society- slave society, feudal society, industrial /capitalist society.
  • Formal and informal organization of work.
  • Labour and society.
 Politics and Society
  • Sociological theories of power.
  • Power elite, bureaucracy, pressure groups, and political parties.
  • Nation, state, citizenship, democracy, civil society, ideology.
  • Protest, agitation, social movements, collective action, revolution.
Religion and Society
  • Sociological theories of religion.
  • Types of religious practices: animism, monism, pluralism, sects, cults.
  • Religion in modern society: religion and science, secularization, religious revivalism, fundamentalism.
Systems of Kinship
  • Family, household, marriage.
  • Types and forms of family.
  • Lineage and descent.
  • Patriarchy and sexual division oflabour.
  • Contemporary trends.
Social Change in Modern Society
  • Sociological theories of social change.
  • Development and dependency.
  • Agents of social change.
  • Education and social change.
  • Science, technology and social change.

Paper 2: Indian Society: Structure and Change

Introducing Indian Society Perspectives on the study of Indian society
  • Indology (GS. Ghurye).
  • Structural functionalism (M N Srinivas).
  • Marxist sociology (A R Desai).
Impact of colonial rule on Indian society
  • Social background of Indian nationalism.
  • Modernization of Indian tradition.
  • Protests and movements during the colonial period.
  • Social reforms.
Social Structure Rural and Agrarian Social Structure
  • The idea of Indian village and village studies.
  • Agrarian social structure – evolution of land tenure system, land reforms
Caste System
  • Perspectives on the study of caste systems: GS Ghurye, M N Srinivas, Louis Dumont, Andre Beteille.
  • Features of caste system.
  • Untouchability – forms and perspectives.
Tribal communities in India
  • Definitional problems.
  • Geographical spread.
  • Colonial policies and tribes.
  • Issues of integration and autonomy.
Social Classes in India
  • Agrarian class structure.
  • Industrial class structure.
  • Middle classes in India
Systems of Kinship in India
  • Lineage and descent in India.
  • Types of kinship systems.
  • Family and marriage in India.
  • Household dimensions of the family.
 Religion and Society
  • Religious communities in India.
  • Problems of religious minorities.
  • Patriarchy, entitlements and sexual division of labor
Social Changes in India Visions of Social Change in India
  • Idea of development planning and mixed economy.
  • Constitution, law and social change.
  • Education and social change.
Rural and Agrarian transformation in India
  • Programmes of rural development, Community Development Programme, cooperatives, poverty alleviation schemes.
  • Green revolution and social change.
  • Changing modes of production in Indian agriculture .
  • Problems of rural labour, bondage, migration.
Industrialization and Urbanisation in India
  • Evolution of modern industry in India.
  • Growth of urban settlements in India.
  • Working-class: structure, growth, class mobilization.
  • Informal sector, child labour.
  • Slums and deprivation in urban areas.
Politics and Society
  • Nation, democracy and citizenship.
  • Political parties, pressure groups, social and political elite.
  • Regionalism and decentralization of power.
  • Secularization
Social Movements in Modern India
  • Peasants and farmers movements.
  • Women’s movement.
  • Backward classes & Dalit movement.
  • Environmental movements.
  • Ethnicity and Identity movements.
Population Dynamics
  • Population size, growth, composition and distribution.
  • Components of population growth: birth, death, migration.
  • Population policy and family planning.
  • Emerging issues: ageing, sex ratios, child and infant mortality, reproductive health.
Challenges of Social Transformation
  • Crisis of development: displacement, environmental problems and sustainability.
  • Poverty, deprivation and inequalities.
  • Violence against women.
  • Caste conflicts.
  • Ethnic conflicts, communalism, religious revivalism.
  • Illiteracy and disparities in education.

Read Now: How to Prepare for Written Exam

Best Books for UPSC Sociology Optional

Sociology Optional is one of the popular optional subjects among UPSC aspirants owing to its crisp syllabus. The resources for this optional is also widely available. Below is the paper-wise booklist for sociology optional:

Booklist for Sociology Optional Paper 1:

  • Introduction to Sociology by Anthony Giddens
  • Sociological Theory by George Ritzer
  • Sociology Themes and Perspectives by Haralambos & Holborn
  • A Dictionary of Sociology by John Scott
  • Sociological Thought by Francis Abraham and John Henry Morgan
  • An Introduction to Political Theory by O P Gauba

Booklist for Sociology Optional Paper 2:

  • Social Change in Modern India by M N Srinivas
  • Caste Its Twentieth Century Avatar by M N Srinivas
  • Handbook of Indian Sociology by Veena Das
  • Indian Society: Themes and Social Issues by Nadeem Hasnain
  • Modernization of Indian Tradition by Yogendra Singh
  • Rural Sociology by S.L Doshi and P.C Jain
  • Social Background of Indian Nationalism by A R Desai

How to prepare Sociology Optional For UPSC?

  • Analyse the syllabus carefully
  • Start with NCERTs
  • Glance through previous year papers
  • Complete the syllabus
  • Revision and Answer-writing
  • Full-Length Tests

UPSC Sociology Books:

Here we’ve added UPSC Sociology Syllabus Books list to prepare well for Paper 1 and Paper 2, must have a glance:

1 Sociology – Anthony Giddens
2 Sociology – Harlombos and Holborn
3 Sociological Thought – Francis Abraham and John Henry Morgan
4 Political Theory – O P Gauba
5 Social Change in India – M N Srinivas
6 Modernization of Indian Tradition – Yogendra Singh
7 Handbook of Indian Sociology – Veena Das
8 Indian Society and Culture – NadeemHasnain
9 Rural Sociology – Doshi and Jain
10 Social Background of Indian Nationalism – A R Desai

Final Words:

Contenders can download UPSC Sociology Syllabus 2022 by pressing the above mentioned direct link. Apart from it, contenders are required to be in touch with us for collecting latest updates in concern of Sociology Optional Syllabus or any other.

More Links Related To UPSC Syllabus

UPSC Indian Polity Syllabus UPSC Political Science Syllabus
UPSC Public Administration Syllabus UPSC History Syllabus
UPSC Geography Syllabus UPSC Anthropology Syllabus

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