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ICAR NET Syllabus 2023 PDF (Agronomy/Botany), ICAR NET Exam Pattern

ICAR NET Syllabus 2023

ICAR NET Syllabus 2023: Latest ICAR NET Syllabus 2023 PDF Discipline wise available here. Candidates who are going to appear in the ICAR National Eligibility Test must download the Updated ICAR NET Exam Syllabus.

Indian Council of Agricultural Research has prescribed the ASRB ARS NET Syllabus for the ICAR NET 2023 Exam. Candidates can easily download the Syllabus for ICAR NET for Agronomy/Botany and other fields from the links given in this page.


ICAR NET Syllabus
ICAR NET Syllabus 2023

ASRB NET Syllabus 2023 – Important Details

Organization Name Agricultural Scientists Recruitment Board (ASRB)
Number Of Vacancies Various
Category ICAR NET Syllabus
Location Across India
Official Website asrb.org.in

ICAR NET Syllabus

Discipline Name Download Links
Agricultural Biotechnology Download
Agricultural Entomology Download
Agricultural Microbiology Download
Economic Botany & Plant Genetic Resources Download
Genetics & Plant Breeding Download
Nematology Download
Plant Biochemistry Download
Plant Pathology Download
Plant Physiology Download
Seed Science & Technology Download
Floriculture & Landscaping Download
Fruit Science Download
Spices, Plantation & Medicinal & Aromatic Plants Download
Vegetable Science Download
Animal Biochemistry Download
Animal Biotechnology Download
Animal Genetics & Breeding Download
Animal Nutrition Download
Animal Physiology Download
Animal Reproduction & Gynaecology Download
Dairy Chemistry Download
Dairy Microbiology Download
Dairy Technology Download
Livestock Product Technology Download
Livestock Production Management Download
Poultry Science Download
Veterinary Medicine Download
Veterinary Microbiology Download
Veterinary Parasitology Download
Veterinary Pathology Download
Veterinary Pharmacology Download
Veterinary Public Health Download
Veterinary Surgery Download
Aquaculture Download
Fisheries Resource Management Download
Fish Processing Technology Download
Fish Nutrition Download
Fish Health Download
Fish Genetics & Breeding Download
Agricultural Chemicals Download
Agricultural Meteorology Download
Agroforestry Download
Agronomy Download
Environmental Science Download
Soil Sciences Download
Agricultural Business Management Download
Agricultural Economics Download
Agricultural Extension Download
Agricultural Statistics Download
Home Science Download
Farm Machinery & Power Download
Computer Applications & IT Download
Land & Water Management Engineering Download
Bioinformatics Download
Food Technology Download
Agricultural Structure and Process Engineering Download
Veterinary Anatomy (only for NET) Download

ICAR NET Agronomy Syllabus

Unit 1 : Crop Ecology and Geography
Principles of crop ecology
Ecosystem concept and determinants of productivityof ecosystem
Physiological limits of crop yield and variability in relationto ecological optima
Crop adaptation
Climate shift and its ecological implication
Greenhouse effect
Agro-ecological and agro climatic regions of lndia
Geographical distribution of cereals, legumes, oilseeds, vegetables,fodders and forages, commercial crops, condimentsand spices, medicinal and aromatic plants
Adverse climatic factors and crop productivity
Photosynthesis, respiration, net assimilation, solar energyconversion efficiency and relative water content, light intensity,water and CO2 in relation to photosynthetic rates and efficiency
Physiological stress in crops
Remote sensing
Spectral indices and their application in agriculture
crop water stress indices and crop stress detection


Unit 2 : Weed Management
Scope and principles of weed management
Weeds’ classification, biology, ecology and allelopathy
Crop weed competition, weed threshold
Herbicides classification, formulations, mode of action,selectivity and resistance
Persistence of herbicides in soils and plants
Application methods and equipment
Biological weed control, bioherbicides
Integrated weed management
Special weeds, parasitic and aquatic weeds andtheir management in cropped and non cropped lands
weed control schedules in field crops, vegetables and plantation crops
Role of GM crops in weed management

Unit 3 : Soil Fertility and Fertilizer Use
History of soil fertility and fertilizer use
Concept of essentiality of plant nutrients, their criticalconcentrations in plants, nutrient interactions, diagnostictechniques with special emphasis on emerging deficienciesof secondary and micro-nutrients
Soil fertility and productivity and their indicators
Fertilizer materials including liquid fertilizers, theircomposition, mineralization, availability andreaction products in soils
Water solubility of phosphate fertilizers
Slow release fertilizers, nitrification inhibitorsand their use for crop production
Principles and methods of fertilizer application
Integrated nutrient management and bio-fertilizers
Agronomic and physiological efficiency andrecovery of applied plant nutrients
Criteria for determining fertilizer schedules for croppingsystems direct, residual and cumulative effects
Fertilizer related environmental problems includingground water pollution
Site-specific nutrient management
Contamination of heavy metals in peri-urbansoils and their remediation.
Unit 4 : Dryland Agronomy
Concept of dryland farming; dryland farmingvs rainfed farming
History, development, significance and constraintsof dryland agriculture in India
Climatic classification and delineation of dryland tracts
Characterization of agro-climatic environments of drylands
Rainfall analysis and length of growing season
Types of drought, drought syndrome, effect on plant growth,drought resistance, drought avoidance, drought management
Crop Planning including contingency, crop diversification,varieties, cropping systems, conservation cropping andmid-season corrections for aberrant weather conditions
Techniques of moisture conservation insitu to reduceevapotranspiration, runoff and to increase infiltration
Rain water harvesting and recycling concept,techniques and practices
Timelines and precision key factors for timely sowing,precision in seeding, weed control
Fertilizer placement, top dressing andfoliar application, aqua-fertigation
Concept and importance of watershedmanagement in dryland areas

Read Here: How to Prepare for Written Exam

ICAR NET Economic Botany & Plant Genetic Resources Syllabus

Unit 1 : Plant Taxonomy and Biosystematics
Nomenclature, purpose, principles and systemsof classification
Taxonomy of higher plants, floras, manuals, monographs,index, catalogues and dictionaries, herbaria
Concepts of biosystematics, evolution anddifferentiation of species
Biosystematic and taxonomic tools
Origin, evolution and biosystematics ofselected crops (rice, wheat, rape seed & mustard, cotton)

Unit 2 : Economically important plants –I
Origin, history, domestication, botany, genetic resourceactivities, cultivation, production and use of:
Cereals: Wheat, rice, maize, sorghum, pearl millet and minor millets.
Pulses: Pigeon pea, chickpea, black gram, green gram, cowpea, soyabean, pea, lentil, horsegram, lab-lab bean,ricebean, winged bean, French bean, lima bean, sword bean.
Oilseeds: Groundnut, sesame, castor, rape seed,mustard, sunflower, safflower, niger,oil palm, coconut and linseed.

Unit 3 : Economically important plants –II
Origin, distribution, cultivation, production andutilization of economic plants of following groupssuch as
Fibres: cotton, silk cotton, jute, sunnhemp, agave, flaxand mesta (kenoff)
Sugars: sugarcane, sugarbeet, sugarpalm and sweet sorghum
Fodders and green manure crops: Plantation crops: coconut,cocoa, tea; root and
tuber crops-: potato, sweet potato, tapioca, aroids etc.


Unit 4 : Economically important plants –III
Origin, distribution, classification, production and utilizationof Fruits: mango, banana, citrus, guava, grapes andother indigenous fruits
apple, plum, pear, peach, cashewnut and walnut
Vegetables: tomato, brinjal, okra, cucumber,cole crops, gourds etc.
Fumigatories and masticatories: tobacco, betelvine, areacanut
medicinal and aromatic plants: sarpagandha, belladonna,cinchona, nux-vomica, vinca, mentha and glycirrhiza, plantago etc.
Narcotics: cannabis, datura, gloriosa, pyrethrum and opium
Dye-, tannin-, gum- and resin- yielding plants
Plant of agro-forestory importance: multipurpose trees /shrubs,subabool, Acacia nilotica, poplar, sesbania, neem etc.
non-traditional economic plants: jojoba, guayule, jatropha, carcus etc.

Unit 5 : Biodiversity and Plant Genetic Resources (PGR)
Biosphere and biodiversity; plant species richness and endemism
Concept and importance of plant genetic resourcesand its increasing erosion
Centres of origin and diversity of crop plants, domestication,evaluation, bioprospecting
National and International organizations associated with PGR
Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), recent issuesrelated to access and ownership of PGR, IPR,. PBRs,farmers rights, sui-generis system etc

Unit 6 : Germplasm Augmentation
History and importance of germplasm collection, eco geographicaldistribution of diversity, logistics of exploration and collection,use of flora and herbaria, random and selective sampling,genepool sampling in self and cross pollinated species
Concept, importance and ecogeographical considerationsof introduction and exchange of plant germplasm
prerequisites conventions and achievements of PGR exchange.


Unit 7 : Germplasm Conservation
Principles and methods of conservation, in situ andex situ methods, on – farm conservation
Gene banks: short-medium- and long-termconservation strategies
seed physiology and seed technology in conservation
seed storage behaviour (orthodox, recalcitrant), fieldgenebanks, clonal respositories.
Gene bank management, gene bank standard for various crops,ISTA, AOSA, IPGRI guidelines, documentation of information in gene bank.

Unit 8 : Biotechnology in PGR
Plant conservation biotechnology, biotechnologyin plant germplasm acquisition
plant tissue culture in disease elimination, in vitroconservation and exchange
cryopreservation, transgenics – exchange and biosafety issues
biochemical and molecular approachesto assessing plant diversity

Unit 9 : Plant Quarantine
Principles, objectives and relevance of plant quarantine
Regulations and plant quarantine set up in Indai
economic significance of seed borne pests, pathogens and weeds
detection and post entry quarantine operations, salvaging of infested/infected germplasm, domestic quarantine

Do You Know: How Do Toppers Study?

NET 2023 Minimum Qualifying Marks:

Category of candidate Minimum qualifying marks
Unreserved(UR)/ EWS 75.0 (50%)
OBC 67.5 (45%)
SC / ST/ PwBD 60.0 (40%)

ICAR NET Exam Pattern:

Particulars Details
Mode of ICAR ASRB NET 2023 Online computer-based
Nature of the exam Objective type
Maximum Marks 150
Number of questions 150
Duration of exam 02 hours
Marking Scheme One mark will be awarded for every correct answer
Negative Marking 1/3 mark will be deducted for each wrong answer in the NET-2023. There will be no rounding off of fractions of marks.
The language of the exam Bilingual i.e. English and Hindi

Steps to Download ICAR NET Exam Syllabus:

  • Candidates should visit the official website i.e. www.icar.org.in
  • Press on the “NET/ARS Notifications / Other Instructions” link from left side.
  • From new window, you need to hit on the “Syllabus for Various Disciplines, Net/ARS” link.
  • Select an appropriate link
  • ICAR ASRB NET Syllabus PDF will display on your screen
  • Download the ICAR NET Syllabus 2023 and start preparation as per the course.

Check these related links:

ASRB NET Result Get Details
ICAR Recruitment Get Details

ICAR Exam Syllabus

In the above section of this page, we have provided the ICAR ARS Syllabus as per the discipline in PDF format. You can download the PDF of syllabus to start preparation according to the contents which covers all the topics as per the fields.

ASRB ARS National Eligibility Test Syllabus

The Agricultural Scientists Recruitment Board (ASRB) conducts National Eligibility Test (NET) every year for the recruitment of Lecturers/Assistant Professors in agricultural universities. In the ASRB NET Exam, there will be a total of 150 objective-type questions of one mark each.

By preparing from the ASRB NET Syllabus, candidates will have knowledge about all the topics from which questions can be asked in the exam. Candidates must prepare for the exam according to the ICAR NET syllabus to score high marks in the exam.

Start Now: Online Quiz for Competitive Exams

ASRB NET Exam 2023 Books to be referred:

Subjects Books to be referred
(1)Agricultural Biotechnology Agricultural Biotechnology by Gautum V.K.
(2)Agricultural Entomology Agricultural Entomology on competitive view by Shravan M Haldhar
(3)Agricultural Microbiology Agricultural Microbiology 2nd Edition by Bagyaraj D.J. and Rangaswami G.
(7)Plant Biochemistry Biochemistry and Molecular Biology of Plants 01 Edition by Bob Buchanan, Wilhelm Gruissem
(8)Plant Pathology Fundamentals of Plant Pathology by N.G. Ravichandra
(14)Vegetable Science Vegetable Science by D Singh
(9)Plant Physiology Plant Physiology by Taiz
(19)Animal Physiology Principles of Animal Physiology by Moyes and Schulte
(44)Environmental Science Environmental Science by Rupendra Singh
(55)Food Technology A Competitive Book Of Food Science And Technology & Agriculture by Gajendra Kumar Rana

You May Also Search For:

  • ICAR NET 2023 Syllabus
  • ICAR NET Syllabus Agronomy
  • ICAR NET Syllabus for Agricultural Economics
  • ICAR NET Biotechnology Syllabus
  • ICAR NET Exam Syllabus
  • ICAR NET Syllabus Life Science
  • ICAR NET Agricultural Microbiology Syllabus
  • ICAR NET Microbiology Syllabus

ASRB NET Syllabus FAQs:

Question 1: Where to get the ASRB NET Exam syllabus for?

Answer: ASRB NET syllabus is available online on the official website. Check this page carefully and get for details syllabus.

Question 2: How many questions are asked in ASRB NET exam?

Answer: 150 objective-type questions are asked in ASRB NET Exam.

Question 3: How many papers are there in ASRB ICAR NET?

Answer: There is only one paper in ASRB ICAR NET, i.e. candidates from different disciplines need to appear for a particular paper.

Question 4: From where the questions in ASRB NET are being asked?

Answer: Questions are being asked from respective disciplines in ASRB NET.

Question 5: How many Disciplines are there in ASRB NET?

Answer: In ASRB NET, there is a total of 60 disciplines or subjects. Each subject has a different syllabus.


Candidates can get the ICAR NET Exam Syllabus 2023 from the above-given links. For more information and updates, comment in the below-given comment box.

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