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SMTP Full Form In Computer | SMTP क्या है? हिंदी में परिभाषा, फुल फॉर्म


SMTP Full Form

SMTP Full Form: What is Full Form of SMTP ? SMTP Full Form In Computer क्या है? SMTP फुल फॉर्म, if you want to know the answers to these types of questions related to SMTP then read this post and get answers to all these questions here. Email is emerging as one of the most valuable services on the Internet today.

Most Internet systems use SMTP as a method to transfer mail from one user to another. SMTP is a Push Protocol and is used to send mail while Post Office Protocol (POP) or Internet Message Access Protocol (IMAP) is used to receive those mails in favor of the receiver.

SMTP Full Form


SMTP has a full form “Simple Mail Transfer Protocol”. In today’s valuable services, e-mail is also an important resource. Most internet users transfer a mail to another location using SMTP. Whenever we prepare an email and send it to someone, first of all it goes to the email server and it is decided that now the email has to be sent.

Normally: the job of an email server is to manage the email and the email is passed from email server to another via SMTP, which is how this entire SMTP system works. In simple language, we can say that SMTP is such a protocol, with the help of this, E-Mail is sent from one user to another with the help of Internet.

SMTP Full Form

SMTP Full Form
SMTP Full Form


SMTP Full Form in English

“Simple Mail Transfer Protocol”

SMTP Full Form in Hindi

सरल डाक स्थानांतरण प्रोटोकॉल”

SMTP Full Form

SMTP क्या है – हिंदी में परिभाषा

एसएमटीपी का फुल फॉर्म सरल डाक स्थानांतरण प्रोटोकॉल” है। यह एक कंप्यूटर से दूसरे कंप्यूटर पर सर्वर के माध्यम से ईमेल भेजने के लिए एक टीसीपी / आईपी नेटवर्क पर एक मानक प्रोटोकॉल है। यह टीसीपी / आईपी प्रोटोकॉल की एप्लिकेशन परत का एक हिस्सा है, जो एक या अधिक प्राप्तकर्ताओं को इंटरनेट पर ईमेल संदेश भेजने के लिए संभव बनाता है। इसलिए, इसका उपयोग तब किया जाता है जब ईमेल सर्वर का उपयोग कर प्राप्तकर्ता को ईमेल एक्सप्रेस या जीमेल जैसे ईमेल क्लाइंट से भेजा जाता है।

एसएमटीपी “स्टोर और फॉरवर्ड” नामक एक प्रक्रिया के माध्यम से आपके ईमेल को नेटवर्क पर ले जाता है। यह आपको सही कंप्यूटर और ईमेल इनबॉक्स में मेल भेजने के लिए मेल ट्रांसफर एजेंट (एमटीए) के साथ समन्वय में काम करता है। यह तय करता है कि एक ईमेल एक कंप्यूटर के MTA से दूसरे कंप्यूटर के MTA में कैसे जाएगा। यह संदेश अपने मूल से अपने गंतव्य की ओर कदम बढ़ाता है, और प्रत्येक चरण पर, SMTP अपना काम करता है।

SMTP इंटरनेट इंजीनियरिंग टास्क फोर्स (IETF) द्वारा विकसित और रखरखाव किया जाता है। इसे RFC 821 और RFC 2821 के रूप में भी जाना जाता है। यह पोर्ट 25 का उपयोग करता है और उपयोगकर्ता और सर्वर के बीच एक सत्र शुरू करके सर्वर और कार्यों के बीच संचार नियमों को स्थापित करता है, जबकि मेल ट्रांसफर एजेंट (MTA) और मेल डिलीवरी एजेंट (MDA) डोमे प्रदान करते हैं क्रमशः खोज और स्थानीय वितरण सेवाएं। यह तब कार्य करता है जब कंप्यूटर इंटरनेट सेवा प्रदाताओं (आईएसपी) से जुड़े होते हैं। ISP सर्वर तब इंटरनेट सेवा प्राप्त करने वालों को मेल वितरित करते हैं।

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SMTP Full Form

SMTP Meaning

Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP) is an Internet standard for the transmission of electronic mail (e-mail). SMTP (Simple Mail Transfer Protocol) is a protocol used in sending and receiving TCP / IP email. It is typically used with one of two other protocols, POP3 or IMAP, that users save messages to a server mailbox and download them from the server over time. Users typically use a program called SMTP to send e-mail and either POP3 or IMAP to receive e-mail. There are two types of SMTP model –

  • End to End Method
  • Store and Forward Method

The end to end model is used to communicate between different organizations while the store and forward method are used within an organization. An SMTP client who wants to send mail will contact the SMTP of the destination directly so that the mail can be sent to Destination. The SMTP server will retain the mail until it is successfully copied to the receiver’s SMTP.

Client SMTP is what starts a session. We call it as a client. SMTP and Server SMTP is the one that responds to Session Request and we call it as Receiver-SMTP. The client will start the SMTP session and the receiver will respond to the SMTP request.

SMTP Full Form

Components of SMTP

  • Mail User Agent

It is a local user or client-end utility that allows receiving and sending mail.

  • Mail Submission Agent

It is the server that receives from the MUA and collaborates with the MTA for the delivery of mail.

  • Mail Transfer Agent

It receives incoming mail from the local user and forwards it for delivery. More than one MTP can be included as a client or server for mail transfer.

  • Mail Delivery Agent

It passes the mail to the local recipient’s mailbox.

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SMTP Full Form

How SMTP Works ?

SMTP provides a set of code that simplifies the communication of email messages between email servers (network computers that handle incoming and outgoing emails). It is a kind of shorthand that allows a server to break up different parts of a message into categories that other servers can understand. When you send a message, it turns into strings of text that are separated by code words (or numbers) that identify the purpose of each section.

SMTP provides those codes, and email server software is designed to understand what they mean. As each message travels towards its destination, it sometimes passes through several computers as well as their individual MTAs. As it passes, it is stored briefly before moving to the next computer in the path. Think of it as a letter written with different hands as it makes its way to the right mailbox.

Let’s understand in an easy way:

Submission of Mail: Mail client sends full mail to SMTP server using SMTP over TCP port 25.

Delivery of Mail: The SMTP server divides the recipient mail address into two parts: the recipient’s username and the domain name. For example, [email protected], where “Rocky” is the recipient’s username and gmail.com is the domain name.

If the sender and recipient’s domain name are the same, the SMTP server directs the email toward the POP3 server for the domain using the delivery agent. If their domain names are different, the mail submission agent (MSA) sends mail to the mail transfer agent (MTA), who searches the MX records from the domain name system to obtain the recipient’s domain. The MX record contains information about the user’s domain and IP address. Once the domain is located, the MTA connects to the Exchange server to transfer mail.

Receipt and Processing of Mail: After receiving the incoming message, the Exchange server transfers the message to the incoming server (Mail delivery agent), which holds the mail until the user receives it.

Access and Retrieval of Mail: Emails stored in MDA are retrieved using MUA (Mail User Agent), which can be accessed using login ID and password.

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SMTP Full Form

Advantages of SMTP

Because SMTP is an open standard, any application can use the protocol to send email from a client to a server. The simple properties and well-defined rules governing the protocol make it highly reliable and predictable.

At the same time, protocols were created to provide a great deal of flexibility. For example, the original SMTP specification was designed to send only non-Latin text, which is less useful for those who use languages with accented Latin characters or non-Latin alphabets. And because the protocol has been universally adopted, there are no compatibility issues when sending messages between SMTP servers.

SMTP Full Form

Key Points of SMTP

  • SMTP is a Text Based Protocol.
  • SMTP is an Application Level Protocol.
  • SMTP is a Connection Oriented Protocol.
  • In addition to transferring SMTP email, it also provides information about incoming mail.
  • The SMTP Sender and receiver specify the e-mail address as well as the message to send.
  • Commands are exchanged between SMTP servers without any user intervention.
  • SMTP This TCP handles the exchange of messages between e-mail servers on an IP network.
  • When you send e-mail, your e-mail client sends it to your e-mail server which further contacts the recipient mail server using the SMTP client.

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SMTP Full Form

Why use SMTP when we have Gmail / Yahoo / Outlook?

It is true that most of us use web interfaces like Gmail, Yahoo, Outlook etc. to send our day to day personal and business emails. But one thing we need to understand is that all these platforms are designed to send 1: 1 manual communication and are not designed for scale.

Hope you must have understood our article SMTP Full Form in Hindi, what is SMTP? well. If you have liked this article, then you must bookmark our web portal recruitmentresult.com using Ctrl+D for more regular updates.

SMTP Full Form

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