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Irrigation Projects in India | In Hindi GK Questions and Answers

Irrigation Projects in India

Irrigation Projects in India:- Indian Irrigation Infrastructure includes a network of major and minor canals from rivers, groundwater based systems, tanks and other rainwater harvesting projects for agricultural activities. Of these, the ground water system is the largest. The main means of irrigation in India include canals, wells, tube wells, ponds etc. In this post, we will tell you about Irrigation Projects in India in Hindi and GK Questions / Answers asked related to it.

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In 1951, the total irrigated area of ​​India was 226 lakh hectare, while by March 2010, it had risen to 10.82 crore hectare. Nature is determined based on the capacity of irrigation projects. The total irrigated area has been increased by 5 times since independence, but according to 2015 data, only 46% of the net area sown is still being irrigated. That is, the remaining 54% of the net area sown is still dependent on monsoon rainfall.

Irrigation Projects in India

In India, wells, ponds, canals and tube wells are used for irrigation. The state with the most irrigated area in India is Uttar Pradesh. After this, the states with irrigated area are Rajasthan, Punjab and Andhra Pradesh respectively. Punjab is the most irrigated state in the country in terms of percentage of total area. About 97% of Punjab falls under irrigated area.

Types Of Irrigation In India

Irrigation projects in India are divided into three parts –

  • Major irrigation scheme
  • Medium irrigation scheme
  • Minor irrigation scheme

Major Irrigation Scheme: Projects irrigating more than 10000 hectares of arable land are covered under the major irrigation scheme.

Medium Irrigation Scheme: Projects irrigating arable land between 2000 and 10000 hectares are covered under the medium irrigation scheme.

Minor Irrigation Scheme: Projects irrigating less than 2000 hectares of arable land are covered under the Minor Irrigation Scheme.

  • 37% of the total irrigated area in India is under large and medium irrigation projects and 63% percent is under small irrigation schemes.
  • The most irrigated areas in the world are in China (21%) and India (20.2%).
  • Irrigation facilities are available on 33% of the total area sown in India.
  • At present, the major means of irrigation in India – wells and tube wells

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List Of Irrigation Projects in India

  • Damodar Valley Project

Swatantra is India’s first multipurpose project. It is spread in Jharkhand and West Bengal. The Damodar river originates from the Chhotanagpur hills and joins the Hooghly River in West Bengal. Tilaiya, Konar, Maithon, Panchet dams were built on this project. Thermal power stations were constructed at Bokaro, Durgapur, Chandrapua, Patratu.

  • Bhakra Nangal Project

The project is built on the Sutlej River in Punjab and Himachal. It is the largest multipurpose project in the country. It is the highest gravitational dam (226 m) in the world. Govind Sagar Dam (Himachal Pradesh) is on it. Punjab, Haryana, Rajasthan, Delhi and Himachal Pradesh benefit from this.

  • Rihand Dam Project

Built on the Rihand Dam on the tributary of the Son River. An artificial lake named “Govind Vallabh Pant Sagar” was built behind the dam. “Govind Vallabh Pant Sagar” is the largest artificial lake in India. It is located on the border of Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh.

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  • Hirakud Dam Project

Orissa is built on the Mahanadi near Sambalpur and is the longest dam in the world.

  • Gandak Project

This has also been accomplished with the cooperation of Nepal. In this, the Valmiki built on the main Nahar Gandak has been removed from the city barrage.

  • Kosi Project

It has been completed with the cooperation of Nepal in the state of Bihar. Kosi is called “the mourning of North Bihar” due to the devastating floods. The main canal is drawn from Hanuman Nagar Barrage (Nepal) built on Kosi.

  • Indira Gandhi (Rajasthan Canal) Project

In this project the water of Ravi and Beas rivers are brought to the Sutlej River. A dam named Pong has been built on the Beas river. Its main objective is to irrigate new areas and make them arable. It is the longest canal in the world. Due to which, Ganga Canal – Bikaner, Jaisalmer districts of Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan are irrigated.

  • Chambal Project

This project has been jointly created by Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan to use the water of Chambal river, a tributary of Yamuna. Under this project, Gandhi Sagar Dam from Madhya Pradesh and Rana Pratap Sagar Dam, Jawahar Sagar Dam and Kota Barrage have been built in Rajasthan.

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  • Nagarjuna Project

It is built on the Krishna River in Andhra Pradesh. It was named “Nagarjuna Sagar” after the Buddhist scholar Nagarjuna.

  • Tungabhadra Dam Project

It is built near Mallapuram on the Tungabhadra River, a tributary of Krishna, in collaboration with the states of Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka.

  • Mayurakshi Dam Project

Jharkhand was electrified by tying a small river in the north-eastern part of the Chota Nagpur Plateau at a place called Masanjor of Mayurakshi. Bengal is being benefited by irrigation canals. It is also called “Canada Dam”.

  • Sharavathi Dam Project

It is built on India’s highest Jog or Mahatma Gandhi Falls in Karnataka. Electricity is also sent from here to the industrial area of ​​Bangalore and the states of Goa and Tamil Nadu.

  • Koyna Project

The project is on the Koyna river, a tributary of Krishna, Maharashtra. Electricity is sent to Mumbai-Pune Industrial Area from here.

  • Baglihar Project

The project is a 450 MW hydropower project on the Chenab River in Jammu and Kashmir. Its construction is considered a violation of the Indus Water Treaty of 1960.

  • Kishanganga Project

It is a 330 MW hydel project on the Jhelum River in Jammu and Kashmir. There is also talk of constructing an underground tunnel on it. There is a dispute between the two countries regarding the Ahi Buller Barpe project to be built on the Jhelum River itself.

  • Ken-Betwa Link Project

It was launched in 2005 under the Peninsular River Development Plan. The name of this family is also “Amrit Kranti Project”. It is being run in Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh. Its capacity is about 9 lakh hectare. It has been targeted to produce 72 MW of electricity.

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  • Tehri Project

In Uttarakhand, it is built at the confluence of the Bhagirathi and Bhilangana rivers. It will be the world’s tallest rock supplied dam. This project is being run at three levels – first phase – 1000 MW, second phase 1400 MW, third phase 2400 MW. The capacity is 2.7 lakh hectares of irrigation.

  • Devsari Dam Project

This project is on the Pindnu river in Chamoli district of Garhwal in Uttarakhand’s Pinder Valley. This occurs in earthquake zones 4 and 5.

Irrigation Projects GK Questions and Answers

Ques1: Pochampad Irrigation Project is associated with which of the following river?

  1. Kosi
  2. Gandak
  3. Krishna
  4. Godawari

Answer: Godawari. It is in Telangana.

Ques2: River Sharavati is in

  1. Tamil Nadu
  2. Kerala
  3. Karnataka
  4. Odisha

Answer: Karnataka.

Ques3: Dul Hasti and Salal Projects are associated with

  1. Punjab
  2. Jammu & Kashmir
  3. Maharashtra
  4. Madhya Pradesh

Answer: Jammu & Kashmir. Location – River Chenab.

Ques4: Which of the following hydroelectric project constructed on the river Krishna?

  1. Almatti Dam
  2. Baspa Hydro-Electric Project
  3. Bhadra Reservoir Project
  4. Chamera Hydro-Electric Project

Answer: Almatti Dam

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Ques5: Which of the following is the first multipurpose river valley project of the independent India?

  1. Damodar Valley Project
  2. Bhakhra-Nangal Project
  3. Rihand Dam Project
  4. Hirakund Dam

Answer: Damodar Valley Project

Ques6: Which of the following is the highest gravity dam in the World?

  1. Rihand Dam Project
  2. Damodar Valley Project
  3. Damodar Valley Project
  4. Kosi Project

Answer: Damodar Valley Project

Ques7: Which is the longest dam in the world?

  1. Bhakhra-Nangal Dam
  2. Hirakund Dam
  3. Tehri Dam
  4. Nagarjun Dam

Answer: Hirakund Dam

Ques8: The ‘Govind Ballabh Pant Sagar’ is the biggest artificial lake in India is formed behind which dam project?

  1. Rihand Dam Project
  2. Kosi Project
  3. Bhakhra-Nangal Project
  4. Damodar Valley Project

Answer: Rihand Dam Project

Ques9: Which of the following canal draws water from the from the river Damodar in West Bengal?

  1. Sarda Canal
  2. Eden Canal
  3. Mutha Canal
  4. Triveni Canal

Answer: Eden Canal

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Ques10: Which of the following river project built across the Mahanadi River?

  1. Tungabhadra Dam
  2. Damodat Valley Project
  3. Hirakud Dam
  4. Chamabal Project

Answer: Hirakud Dam

सिंचाई खेती के उद्देश्यों के लिए मिट्टी को पानी की कृत्रिम आपूर्ति है। यह भूगोल के अध्याय में विषय पर अक्सर छुआ गया है। भारत में सिंचाई के बारे में तथ्य सीखना और याद रखना आसान है। भारत में दुनिया में सिंचित भूमि का उच्चतम क्षेत्र है और उत्तर प्रदेश में देश में सबसे बड़ी सिंचित कृषि भूमि है।

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