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List of National Symbols of India | 15 Must Know राष्ट्रीय प्रतीक व चिन्ह

National Symbols of India

Several National Symbols of our Republic India was selected at various times. The design of our national flag is also adopted by the Constituent Assembly. National Symbols of India are designed to reflect the image of India at a very best level. Some of names of the राष्ट्रीय प्रतीक व चिन्ह are: national emblem, an anthem etc, and it also include national animal, bird, fruit and flower.

These symbols are chosen to reflect the Indian traditions and culture with a positive attribute. In the below section, we have listed 15 must known National Symbols of India and also other official symbols are included. Have a look and get a chance to know our राष्ट्रीय प्रतीक व चिन्ह.

List of National and Official symbols of India

National personificationBharatmata
National flagFlag of India
National emblemState emblem of India
National mottoSatyameva Jayate Sanskrit
Father of the NationMohandas Karamchand Gandhi
Mother of the NationSarojini Naidu
National patron saintHadrat Fakir Sai Baba of Shirdi
National heroBal Gangadhar Tilak
National poetRabindranath Tagore
National anthemJana Gana Mana
National songSare Jahan se Accha
National slogan/National MarchVande Mataram
National CryJai Hind/Bharatmata Jee
National daysIndependence day
Republic Day
Official LanguageHindustani/Hindavi
Indian English
State languageLanguages with official status in India
National Official map of Great IndiaSurvey of India
National epicMahabharata
Iconic symbolsAshoka Chakra
Religion in India
National passportIndian passport
National airlineAir India
National currencyIndian rupee (₹/Rs. INR)
National dressesSari (clothing) (“female”)
Dhoti (“male”)
National media and film industryBollywood/Hindi cinema
National calendarSaka calendar
National flowerIndian Lotus/Sacred Lotus
National treeBanyan fig
National fruitMango
National vegetableIndian pumpkin
National dishKhichdi
National cropRice
National beverageLassi
National sweetLaddu
National petsIndian Spitz
Blue-winged parakeet/Malabar parakeet
National animalIndian elephant
National birdsGreen peafowl/Blue peafowl
National aquatic marine mammalGanges river dolphin
National social mammalGray langur/Hanuman langur
National bird of preyRed-backed sea eagle/Brahminy kite fish eagle
National predatorIndian lion
National heritage animalBengal tiger
National heritage birdSarus crane
National reptileKing cobra/Snake Eater
National butterflyKaiser-i-Hind
National fishIndian mackerel
National amphibiansRed Knobby Crocodile Newt/Crocodile
Salamander Pignose frog
National insectGiant Forest Scorpion
National microbeLactobacillus bulgaricus
National riverGanges River/Holy River
National mountainNanda Devi
National lakeLake Nakki
National gemstoneBlue Sapphire/Star Sapphire
National sportField hockey
National danceBharatanatyam
National instrumentVeena vina
National fortLal Qila
National heritagElephanta Caves
National Islamic shrine of IndiaAjmer Sharif Dargah
National Islamic heritageTaj Mahal
National mandir of India  (“Santana Dharma Sacred Site”)Akshardham Temple
National derasar of India  (Indian Sacred Jain Temple)Palitana Jain Temples
Shri Shatrunjaya Tirtha
National monastery of India  (Indian Sacred Buddhist Temple)Mahabodhi Temple  “Great Awakening Temple”
National gurdwara of India  (Indian Sacred Sikh Temple)Golden Temple/Harmandir Darbār Sahib
National mosque of India (Islamic Place of Worship)Masjid e Jahan Numa/World-Reflecting Mosque/Great Delhi Friday Mosque
National parkJaneshwar Mishra Park
National memorialGandhi Smriti
National monumentIndia Gate
National libraryNational Library of India
National museumNational Museum of India
National passagewayBombay Gate
National beating retreat or flags lowering ceremony  (Since 1959)Joint-drill parade

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National Symbols of India

Read detailed information about some of the national symbols of India.

1) National Flag: Tiranga

The National Flag of India is designed by Pingali Venkayya. It was adopted by the Constituent Assembly on 22nd July 1947. The flag represents three colour:

  • The top saffron colour: represents strength and courage of the country.
  • The white middle band: represents peace and truth with Dharma Chakra.
  • The green colour: represents the fertility, growth and auspiciousness of the land.

2) National Emblem: State Emblem of India

The National Emblem is adopted from Lion Capital of Ashoka at Sarnath. The emblem represents four lions which are facing at four different directions i.e. north, east, south, and west. The motto of our National Emblem is Satyameva Jayate.

3) National Anthem: Jana Gana Mana

The National Anthem of India is Jana Gana Mana which was composed by Rabindranath Tagore in Bengali. After that its hindi version is adopted by the Constituent Assembly on 24 January 1950.

4) National Song: Vande Matram

This song is composed by Bankimchandra Chatterji in Sanskrit and after that on January 24, 1950, it was officially announced by the Constituent Assembly that the song “Vande Mataram” will be equally honoured with Jana Gana Mana.

5) National Currency: Indian Rupee

Indian rupee is considered as the official currency of India and is controlled by the Reserve Bank of India. The symbol of Indian Rupee was adopted in 2010 and is derived from Devanagari consonant “र” (ra) and the Latin letter “R”.

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6) National Animal: Bengal Tiger

The Bengal Tiger which is our National Animal of India got ranked amongst the biggest cats in the world. Due to its growth in less number, it was adopted as the National Animal in April 1973.

7) National Bird: Peacock

On February 1, 1963, the Government of India announces Peacock as the National Bird of India. A peacock is brightly coloured having blue feathers and lives mainly on the ground in open forest or on land.

8) National Aquatic Animal: Dolphin

River Dolphin is announced as the National Aquatic Animal of India. Dolphins are considered as the oldest creature of world that shares their habitat with crocodiles, turtles and wetland birds.

9) National Fruit: Mango

Mango is also called as King of Fruits and is considered as the National Fruit of India. It is one of the most cultivated fruits and indicates prosperity, abundance and richness in terms of National Fruit.

10) National Flower: Lotus

Lotus is one of the most widely flowers that is available in India as it grows in ponds, lakes and even at homes. It is also considered as a part of Hindu rituals and ceremonies. It symbolizes spirituality, wealth, knowledge, purity of heart and mind.

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11) National Tree: Banyan Tree

Banyan tree also known as Indian fig tree is the National Tree of India. The roots of this tree gave rise to more branches and trunks and that’s why this tree shows character of longevity and has various medicinal properties. The tree also often used to be called as Kalpa Vriksha’ or the ‘Tree of Wish Fullfillment’.

12) National River: Ganga

The River Ganga is originated from Gangotri Glacier in the Himalayas and is also considered as the longest river in India. It is considered as the most religious river on the earth. Varanasi, Allahabad and Haridwar are some of the major cities that pass through this river.

13) National Reptile: King Cobra

King Cobra or Snake eater is found in the forests of India. In Hinduism, it is called as “Nagas” and is worshipped because Lord Shiva is depicted with a cobra coiled around his neck. It has the ability to grow up to 19 ft and can live up to 25 years.

14) National Heritage Animal: Indian Elephant

Since elephants are part our heritages from a very long time, so the Government of India has declared Elephant as the National Heritage Animal of India. Also in order to conserve the species, this step has been taken up.

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15) Oath of Allegiance: National Pledge

The National Pledge is mainly recites by Indians in schools at the time of Independence Day and Republic Day celebrations. Many schools recite this pledge in their morning assembly. The Pledge was composed by Pydimarri Venkata Subba Rao in 1962 in Telugu language and was further translated into many regional languages.

Visitors of this page can get all the information related to National Symbols of India on this single page. Check the list of all the symbols, as it will be very helpful for you in gaining the knowledge related to our nation. Stay in touch with our web portal for more similar updates.

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