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Science & Technology Current Affairs 2017 Latest Inventions, Development

Science & Technology Current Affairs

Science and technology are enormously essential in our everyday life as they have made things more simple, fast and secured. Science & Technology Current Affairs plays a vital role in updating with latest inventions and Development happening around universe. As we all know Development at any phase is always linked with technology. If we lay emphasize on science, and then it is study of knowledge made into a system and depends on analyzing and understanding facts. It has also made significant contribution in the education field as well. In addition to this, Technology has made education itself easier with advancements such as smart classes, multimedia devices, e-libraries, e-books, etc.

If we talk about technology, then devices like computers, calculators and washing machines are used by human being and it has made our life more efficient. Even we can stay in touch with loved ones living at far places due to Communication technology. Internet, computers are used in every field whether it is education, hospitals, colleges and it made a great contributions towards growth and development of economy. So, get equipped with Science & Technology Current Affairs 2017, Science and Technology Latest Inventions and Science And Technology Latest News to enhance your knowledge as well as skills.

Over-view of page:

  • Latest Science & Technology Current Affairs
  • Science And Technology Latest News
  • Direct links to get Science & Technology Current Affairs
  • Science And Technology Latest Inventions
  • Science And Technology GK Questions & answers

Undoubtedly, science and technology have made our life easier and faster with release of latest inventions. Invention and discoveries in these fields are always used for the benefit of human being. World has become a better place with it. For any successful economy, science, technology is basic requisites. So, have a look on all latest inventions, Science & Technology Current Affairs 2017, Latest Current Affairs In Science And Technology well equipped by team members of recruitmentresult.com

Science & Technology Current Affairs

Science And Technology News:

  • NASA’s Cassini spacecraft set to embark on its final mission
  • NASA’s Curiosity Rover captures images of clouds on Mars: Captured on the Curiosity
  • Historic discovery, Sun’s Core rotates four times faster than its surface
  • Chemical from turmeric helps treat cancer in children: Research
  • Scientists develop strong adhesive for wound healing
  • World’s smallest spacecraft Sprites launched by Indian rocket
  • Scientists journey to the world’s hidden 8th continent
  • In a first in USA, scientists edit DNA of human embryos
  • Rover’s 1758th Martian day
  • Human embryos edited to stop disease
  • Researchers develop new method to generate human antibodies
  • BillionAbles App to help disabled find accessible public places
  • ISRO to develop full-fledged Hyperspectral Imaging Earth observation satellite: Hyperspectral Imaging Satellite can see in 55 spectral or colour bands from 630 kilometres above ground
  • Centre to detect cyber security threats made operational
  • Venus: First environmental research satellite launched by Israel
  • Researchers from IISER Kolkata develop flame-proof, rust-resistant material
  • NASA Langley Research Centre turns 100 years old
  • DBT launched “Sohum” an innovative newborn hearing screening device
  • NASA’s New Horizons spacecraft unveils new maps of Pluto, Charon
  • NASA to let public become Citizen Scientist during Total Solar Eclipse
  • Spanish scientists discover compound that can combat effects of Zika virus
  • Astrosat, Chandra and Hubble jointly detect massive cosmic explosion on Proxima Centauri
  • Neil Armstrong Moon Bag sold for USD 1.8 million in New York
  • Widely used malaria drug may shield foetuses from Zika infection
  • Researchers form CSIR-Institute of Genomics and Integrative Biology (CSIR-IGIB)
  • The sensor is highly sensitive and could detect even 60-65 bacteria in a 6 microlitre sample. It could identify the pathogen even at very low concent
  • Engineers from Purdue University in US have designed and tested a micropropulsion system called a Film-Evaporation MEMS Tunable Array (FEMTA)
  • FEMTA system uses an innovative design of small thrusters that deliver bursts of water vapor to manoeuvre the spacecraft into different orbits
  • Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) is planning to launch a full-fledged niche Earth observation (EO) satellite
  • Hyperspectral imaging or hyspex imaging (imaging spectroscopy) combines the power of digital imaging and spectroscopy

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Science And Technology Development

Latest Science and Technology Current Affairs:

List Of Scientific and Technological Developments
Discovery/ DevelopmentCountry/ OrganizationTrivia/ Description
Space Research and Discovery
High-thrust cryogenic engine CE20ISRO, IndiaTo be used in heavy launch vehicle GSLV Mk-III.
X-Ray Astronomy satellite ASTRO-HJAXA, JapanJapan Aerospace Exploration Agency launched it from Tanegashima Space Centre.
5 new Jupiter-like planetsUKExhibit properties similar to Jupiter.
Widest planet systemUS,UK, AustraliaIt has 7,000 astronomical units (AU) width. (Neptune is 30 AU from the Sun)
2nd largest black hole in Milky WayKeio University JapanSigns of an invisible black hole with mass 105 times the mass of Sun.
IRNSS 1-E SatelliteISRO, IndiaPolar Satellite Launch Vehicale, in its 33rd flight (PSLV C-31) launches the IRNSS 1-E, the next step in the Indian Regional Navigational Satellite System.
GalactoseismologyIndia
  • Method to detect dwarf galaxies dominated by dark matter.
  • Also explains ripples on outer disk of galaxy.
Presence of Neon gas in Moon’s atmosphereNASANASA spacecraft LADEE (Lunar Atmosphere and Dust Environment Explorer) confirmed the presence of Neon gas in Moon’s atmosphere.
EKS Kosmos 2510Russia
  • 1st satellite having early warning system.
  • Will detect missiles heading towards Russia.
Liquid Water on MarsNASAImages by Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (MRO) show dark, narrow streaks running downhill.
ASTROSATISRO, IndiaIndia’s 1st dedicated multi wavelength space observatory.
Prandtl-m aircraftNASAA glider prototype that would be deployed on Mars for agency’s missions.
CR7 GalaxyPortugalThe brightest galaxy in the early universe, named after Cristiano Ronaldo.
World’s largest asteroid impact zoneAustraliaFound in Warburton Basin of central Australia.
Kepler 438b and Kepler 442bUSA2 Earth-like planets spotted by Nasa’s Kepler space telescope.
Gravitational Waves DetectedLIGO, US2 arms of the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory in the US directly detected gravitational waves predicted by Einstein’s General Theory of Relativity. Third arm planned in India.
Defence and Combat
Dhanush Ballistic MissileIndia
  • It is a naval variant of India’s indigenously-developed Prithvi missile.
  • Missile has a strike range of 350km.
INS AstradhariniIndia1st indigenously-designed and built torpedo launch and recovery vessel.
INS KochiIndiaIndigenously built largest destroyer warship.
Akash MissileIndia
  • Indigenously-built surface-to-air missile.
  • Strike range of 25km and can carry warheads up to 60kg.
BrahMos Supersonic Cruise MissileIndia
  • Successful 48th test firing of BrahMos.
  • Has a range of 290km and a Mach 2.8 speed.
Akash Weapon System (AWS)IndiaIndigenously developed and inducted into the Indian Army.
Health and Medicine
ZikaVacBharat Biotech, IndiaWorld’s first vaccine for Zika Virus.
BGR-34India
  • 1st Ayurvedic anti-diabetic drug.
  • BGR is acronym for Blood Glucose Regulator.
Artificial Liver TissueIndiaIndia’s 1st artificial liver tissue using 3-D printing technology.
MosquirixUKWorld’s 1st Malaria vaccine.
Cardiac Microphysiological System (Mini heart)USA
  • Mini heart on a microchip using human stem cells.
  • Led by Indian-origin scientist Anurag Mathur.
Treatment for Fungal KeratitisCCMB Hyderabad, IndiaA Nano-particle-based drug delivery method to fight Fungal Keratitis
DNA sequencing based blood testUSAWill help diagnose Ebola & other pathogens.
Science and Technology
A new kind of 2D semiconducting materialUSA
  • Made of tin & oxygen or tin monoxide (SnO).
  • Material will be used in electronics.
NBeG 47India
  • First machine harvestable chickpea variety.
  • To address labour shortage & reduce hard work.
Elements 113, 115, 117 & 118IUPACAdded to 7th Row of the Periodic Table by International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry.
Pruthvi ChipSaankhya Labs, IndiaChip powers a system that can use TV White Space or wasted spectrum bandwidth to beam Internet to scores of households.
Quantum Dot (QD) SpectrometerUSA
  • Small enough to fit inside a smartphone camera.
  • Spectrometers measure properties of light.
Leap Second 2015India30th June 2015 clocked 1 second longer as an extra second was added to the clocks world-wide at 23:59:59.
World’s first water-based computerIndia-AmericaSynchronous computer that operates using the unique physics of moving water droplets.
World’s first facial recognition ATMChinaATM will not allow users to withdraw cash unless their face matches their IDs
Edge Web BrowserUSAAnnounced by Microsoft. Claimed to enhance user experience.
Research and Discovery
Tree frog Ghatixalus magnusIndiaDiscovered in the high ranges of Idukki district in the Western Ghats of Kerala.
Himalayan Forest ThrushChinaThe bird has been named Himalayan forest thrush Zoothera salimalii. The scientific name honors the great Indian ornithologist Sálim Ali.
Musa IndandamanensisIndiaSweet banana species. Bananas of this species are very sweet and are eaten by tribal people of the island.
4 new species of Fish; Puntius Nelsoni, Puntius Nigronotus, Systomus Chryseus and Systomus RufusFour new species of Fish discovered in Kerala.
Butterfly called Banded TitTiny butterfly species discovered in forests of Changlang, Arunachal Pradesh.
Snow LeopardSpotted the endangered snow leopards for the 1st time in the North Sikkim Plateau.
New tree frog genusDiscovered a new genus of tree hole-breeding frogs in the forests of northeast.
Dracula AntDiscovered by a group of citizen scientists in the Western Ghats region of Kerala.
New species of Giant Tortoise named Chelonoidis donfaustoiGalapagos islandsGiant tortoises in the Galapagos weigh up to 250kg and live longer than 100 years.
World’s longest Continental Volcanic ChainAustralia
  • Longest chain of continental volcanoes.
  • Stretching almost 2000 km along east coast.
Mount Aso VolcanoJapan
  • The largest active volcano of Japan.
  • Erupted on 14 September 2015.
New fish species named Puntius DolichopterusIndiaDiscovered from a small water stream in Kayamkulam city of Kerala.
1st species of Yeti Crab named Kiwa tyleriAntarcticaDiscovery of the first species of Yeti Crab in Antarctica in the journal PLOS ONE.
Blue whalesIndia1st time after 100 years Blue Whales were sighted off the coast of Maharashtra.
New species of fish called Pethia StriataDiscovered in the Kudremukh National Park, Karnataka.
Maria Elena South (MES)ChileDriest place on the Earth, Atacama Desert in Chile.
New Catfish Species Glyptothorax SenapatiensisIndiaNew catfish species in the Chindwin river drainage in Senapati district of Manipur.
Opah, world’s first fully warm-blooded fish speciesUS, AustraliaResearchers from National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration discovered world’s first fully warm-blooded fish species
New species of Geckos, Cnemaspis AdiiIndiaSpotted at the ruins of the World Heritage Site of Hampi, Karnataka.
Grey HypocoliusSmall passerine bird species and sole member of the genus Hypocolius.
Rare Spiders Martensopoda Sanctor and Stenaelurillus AlbusThe spiders belong to the Sparassidae and Salticidae families.
2 bloom-forming algal species, Ulva Paschima Bast and Cladophora Goensis BastDiscovered off the west coast of India
Endangered forest owlet, Athene Blewitti)Species belongs to the typical owls’ family, Strigidae that is on the verge of extinction.
World’s smallest goanna lizard speciesAustraliaNamed Dampier Peninsula Goanna while its scientific name is Varanus sparnus.
Plant Species Nepenthes ZygonUKGrowing for almost a decade and helping to keep down cockroaches.

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Latest Inventions and Discoveries In Science

Latest Science and Technology Inventions:

InventionsInventors
India’s missile and nuclear weaponsA.P.J. Abdul Kalam
Ballpoint PenJohn J. Loud
Bicycle TiresJohn Boyd Dunlop
ChronometerJohn Harrison
Pendulum ClockChristian Huygens
Electric Generation (Static)Otto von Gueriche
Electronic ComputerJ.G. Brainerd, J.P. Eckert, J.W. Mauchly
GramophoneThomas Edison
MicrophoneAlexander Graham Bell
MotorcycleEdward Butler
PianoCristofori
RadarDr. Allbert H. Taylor and Leo C. Young
RefrigeratorJames Harrison

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Science Technology Gk Questions and Answers

General Knowledge Questions on Science and Technology:

Ques 1:  Which of the following space agencies has launched the LISA Pathfinder ?

  1. Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency
  2. NASA
  3. European Space Agency
  4. China National Space Administration

Ans: 3

Ques 2: Satellites of which of the following countries have been successfully launched by using ISRO’s PSLV C29 ?

  1. Canada
  2. Singapore
  3. Indonesia
  4. Saudi Arabia

Ans: 2

Ques3: Pedology is the science related to the study of which thing?

  1. atmosphere
  2. soil
  3. pollutants
  4. seeds

Ans: 2

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Ques 4: The branch of physics that deals with the motion of a very small particle is called-

  1. Field Theory
  2. Particle Physics
  3. Quantum Mechanics
  4. Atomic Physics

Ans: 3

Ques 5: Which of the following is the largest air pollutant?

  1. Carbon dioxide
  2. Carbon monoxide
  3. Sulphur dioxide
  4. Hydrocarbons

Ans: 2

Ques 6: Leakage of which of the following gases had caused the Bhopal Gas Tragedy?

  1. Methyl isocyanate
  2. Carbon Mono-oxide
  3. Nitric oxide
  4. Sulphur di-oxide

Ans: 1

Ques 7:  One carbon credit is equivalent to?

  1. 10 kg of CO2
  2. 100 kg of CO2
  3. 1000 kg of CO2
  4. 10000 kg of CO2

Ans: 3

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Ques 8:  Which among the following gas is most responsible for global warming?

  1. Nitrogen
  2. Methane
  3. Carbon di-oxide
  4. Carbon mono-oxide

Ans: 3

Ques 9: Rubber is a product of?

  1. Fibre
  2. Latex
  3. Resin
  4. Gum

Ans: 2

Ques 10:  Who invented Telegraph?

  1. Samuel Morse
  2. Edward Jenner
  3. Alexander Graham Bell
  4. Marcony

Ans: 1

Ques 11: If someone is injured in an accident and broken his/her knee joint, then he or she needs to consult?

  1. Orthopodic
  2. Paediatrician
  3. Oncologist
  4. Urologist

Ans: 1

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Ques 12. Which of the following is a “Fire and Forget” anti tank missile?

  1. Trishul
  2. Agni
  3. Akash
  4. Nag

Ans: 4

Ques 13: The apparatus used for detecting lie is known as ?

  1. Polygraph
  2. Pyrometer
  3. Gyroscope
  4. Kymograph

Ans: 1

Ques 14: A device used for measuring the depth of the sea is called –

  1. Altimeter
  2. Fathometer
  3. Hydrometer
  4. Manometer

Ans: 2

Ques 15: What is measured by the sling Psychrometer?

  1. Temperature
  2. Humidity
  3. Pressure
  4. Wind velocity

Ans: 2

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Ques 16:  Cryogenic engines fined applications in –

  1. Sub-marine propulsion
  2. Frost free refrigerators
  3. Rocket technology
  4. Superconductivity

Ans: 3

Ques 17: Communication satellite are used to –

  1. transmit communication signal only
  2. receives communication signal only
  3. receive and redirect communication signal
  4. provide information of natural resources only

Ans: 3

Ques 18:  Who discovered the fact that – “An electric current produces a circular magnetic field as it flows through a wire”?

  1. Oersted
  2. Faraday
  3. Fleming
  4. Coulomb

Ans: 1

Ques 19:  The first printed works are called –

  1. Impensis
  2. Incunabula
  3. Impression
  4. Imprimatur

Ans: 2

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Ques 20: Pedology is the study of

  1. Soil
  2. Locomotion of animals
  3. Rocks
  4. Crops disease

Ans: 1

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