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Analogy Test Tricks and Shortcut – Verbal Analogy Hindi – Example, ट्रिक्स

Analogy Tricks

Analogy is also a one of the important and easy chapter of verbal reasoning. In most of the examination generally 1 – 2 always come from it. But due to lack knowledge of analogy basics, candidates feel difficulty in solving in Verbal Analogy questions. For the better preparation of candidates here we have provide you Analogy Test Tricks and Shortcut, सादृश्य शॉर्टकट ट्रिक्स.

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Important Basics Tricks (ट्रिक्स) and Shortcut to Solve Verbal Analogy Questions

Meaning of Analogy

The meaning of analogy is ‘similar properties’ or similarity.

Types of Analogy

Word Analogy

  • Tool & Object Based Analogy
Scissors : Cloth
  • Synonym Based Analogy
Huge : Gigantic
  • Worker & Tool Based Analogy
Writer : Pen
  • Worker & Product Based Analogy
Writer : Book
  • Causes & Effect Based Analogy
Work : Tiredness
  • Opposite Relationship (Antonym) Based Analogy
Poor : Rich
  • Gender Based Analogy
Man : Woman
  • Classification Based Analogy
Oxygen : Gas
  • Function Based Analogy
Singer : Sings
  • Quantity and Unit Based Analogy
Distance : Mile
  • Finished Product & Raw Material Based Analogy
Yarn : Fabric
  • Utility Based Analogy
Pen : Writing
  • Symbolic Relationship Based Analogy
White : Peace
  • Adult & Young One Based Analogy
Cow : Calf
  • Subject & Specialist Based Analogy
Heart : Cardiologist
  • Habit Based Analogy
Cat : Omnivorous
  • Instrument and Measurement Based Analogy
Hygrometer: Humidity
  • Individual & Group Based Analogy
Cow : Herd
  • State & Capital Based Analogy
Bihar : Patna
  • Analogy Based on Individual & Dwelling Place
Horse : Stable
  • Analogy Based on Worker and Working Place
Doctor : Hospital
  • Analogy Based on Topic Study
Birds : Ornithology

Letter Analogy

  • Forward alphabetical sequence
CD : FG : : PQ : UV
  • Backward or Opposite alphabetical sequence
DC : GF : : QP : VU
  • Vowel – Consonant relation
ATL : EVX : : IPR : ORS
  • Skip letter relation
ABC : FGH : : IJK : NOP
  • Jumbled letters relation
LAIN : NAIL : : EVOL : LOVE

Number Analogy

  • Even and Odd numbers
84 : 51 : : 72 : 37
  • Addition and subtraction of numbers
234 : 9 : : 136 : 10

Mixed Analogy

AB : 12 : : CD : : 34

Check Here – How to Prepare Reasoning for Competitive Exams

Analogy Test Tricks (सादृश्य शॉर्टकट ट्रिक्स)

Analogy Shortcut Trick

 Shortcut Approach

Step I: Try to determine the relationship between the first pair of words.

Step II: See all the given options with a serious eye.

Step III: Try to make similar relation between word of second pair and among the given options

Step IV: Word having the similar relation like first pair of words will be your answer

Example 1: Complete the below-mentioned series:

Thin : Fat :: Tall : ?

(a) Huge                 (b) Enormous

(c) Short                 (d) Slim

Answer: (c)

Explanation:

Fat is the opposite of thin, similarly short is the opposite of tall.

Therefore option (c) is the correct one.

Example 2: Complete the below series:

Dilemma : Confusion :: Smart : ?

(a) Dumb                (b) Clever

(c) Beautiful            (d) Chaos

Answer: (b)

Explanation:

Since dilemma and confusion means the same, likewise clever is a synonym of smart.

Therefore option (b) is the correct one.

Example 3: Complete the below series:

ABC : FGH :: IJK : ?

Answer: NOP

Explanation:

Here, between ABC & FGH two letters skip and they are D & E. Similarly, between IJK & NOP two letters skip and they are L & M.

Example 4: Find a pair that is similar to the given pair of numbers: – 180 : 90

(a) 64 : 37              (b) 2 : 1

(c) 23 : 10              (d) 137 : 112

Answer: (b)

Explanation:

Clearly, the relationship here is 2x : x. This same relationship exists in option (b). So, the correct answer is option (b).

Example 5: Find a pair that is similar to the given pair of numbers: – 7 : 24

(a) 30: 100              (b) 23: 72

(c) 19: 58               (d) 11: 43

Answer: (b)

Explanation:

In 7: 24, 24 = 7 × 3 + 3 i.e. the relationship can be shown as x : (3x + 3). Similar relationship can only be seen in option (b) 23: 72 where 23 × 3 + 3 = 69 + 3 = 72. So, the correct answer is option (b).

Also Check – How to Prepare For Written Examination

उदाहरण 6: शेर : मांस : : गाय : ……?

(a) साँप                    (b) घास

(c) कीड़ा                   (d) पशु

समाधान: (b)

विवरण:

शेर मांस खाता है, वैसे ही गाय घास खाती है।

उदाहरण 7: कलम : लेखक : : …… : बल्लेबाज

(a) ब्रश           (b) सेनानी

(c) स्टिक         (d) बल्ला

समाधान: (d)

विवरण:

एक लेखक लिखने के लिए पेन का उपयोग करता है, उसी तरह एक बल्लेबाज खेलने के लिए बल्ले का उपयोग करता है।

उदाहरण 8: चंद्रमा : सैटेलाइट : : धरती : …..?

(a) सूर्य                          (b) ग्रह

(c) सौर प्रणाली                (d) क्षुद्रग्रह

समाधान: (b)

विवरण:

चंद्रमा एक उपग्रह है और पृथ्वी एक ग्रह है।

उदाहरण 9: मोमबत्ती : मोम : : कागज : …..?

(a)  लकड़ी                     (b) पेड़

(c)  बांस                        (d) पल्प

समाधान: (d)

विवरण:

पहले को दूसरे से बनाया जाता है।

उदाहरण 10: ओटावा : कनाडा : : कैनबरा : …..?

(a) अर्जेंटीना                   (b) स्विट्जरलैंड

(c)  श्रीलंका                    (d) ऑस्ट्रेलिया

समाधान: (d)

विवरण:

ओटावा कनाडा की राजधानी है और कैनबरा ऑस्ट्रेलिया की राजधानी है।

The best way to improve the score in analogy is to practice as much as possible. The main aim of Analogy Test is to check your ability to see a relationship between two words and to recognize a similar relationship between two other words.

Candidates, if you have any query or question regarding Analogy Tricks and Shortcut, सादृश्य शॉर्टकट ट्रिक्स may share with us through below given comment box.

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