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Geographical Regions Of India | Top 11 Diversities, Area – Physical Nature

Geographical Regions Of India

In India, culture, traditions, economy and even the landscape is on one landmass. All the Physical features of India include the complete geographical study of the country. Mountains, plateau, plains, shores covers physically our nature. The states of India are covered by the geographical area whose list along with top 11 Diversities of India is mentioned on this page. Geographical Regions Of India in detailed way is given here.

List of Largest States of India by Geographical Area

Here, the list is provided rank wise in terms of area:

StateArea Covered
Rajasthan342,239 km2
Madhya Pradesh308,252 km2
Maharashtra307,713 km2
Uttar Pradesh236,286
Gujarat196,244 km2
Karnataka191,791 km2
Andhra Pradesh191,791 km2
Odisha155,707 km2
Chhattisgarh136,034 km2
Tamil Nadu130,058 km2

 Know about: Himalayan Rivers

Geographical Regions Of India

Top 11 Diversities of India

India is an extremely large country and has a wide range of geographical diversity. The 11 geographical diversity of India is classified as:

1) Geographical Diversity:

This diversity is divided into four regions. The first region is Himalayan region or the Northern Mountain wall, the second region is the great Northern Plains, the third region is the plateau of the Central India and the Deccan and the fourth region is between the Arabian Sea and the Western Ghats.

2) Racial Diversity:

Another Diversity of India is represented through the variety of human being which is divided into four groups. The first group is of Neolithic and Paleolithic men, the second group is of Mongoloid type, the third group comprised of Dravidians and the fourth group is of Indo-Aryans.

3) Diversity in Climate:

Different types of climatic conditions are faced by people living in India. In Assam, Cherrapunji is the place where highest rainfall is recorded and on the other hand no Rajasthan is the place where there is no rainfall.

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4) Social Diversity:

India also differs in social habits. Different kinds of food, dresses, manners, rituals are found in people of India. Also different kinds of festivals are also celebrated in different states of India.

5) Diversities in Language:

Different types of languages are spoken by people of India. More than 200 languages are spoken and the first in order important languages are Sanskrit, Bengali, Hindi, Oriya, Gujarati, Assamese, Marathi, Sindhi, Punjabi, Tamil, Urdu, Telgu, Kashmiri, Malayalam and Kannada.

6) Religious Diversities:

Variety of religions is found in Indian Diversity. The names of these religions are Hinduism, Jainism, Buddhism, Islam, Sikhism and Christianity. All religions are further divided into various sub-divisions.

7) Geographical Unity:

Whole geographical unit of India is described as “Bharata Varsha” and the name was given at the time of Epics and Puranas. The people living in Bharat are referred to as “Bharata Santati”. Now, this Geographical unit is called as “Bharatmata”. A song named “Vandemataram” is also dedicated to the land of Bharat.

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8) Political Unity:

From ancient times, the rulers of India want to become Chakravarti and for this they rule over the entire country. Some of the rulers that were able to became Chakravarti are Chandragupta, Asoka and Samudragupta.

9) Religious Unity:

Religious unity is described in the Indian Geography. Vishnu and Siva worshipping is done and many temples are build across all over the country. Ram and Krishna stories are also written and sung in all zones of India such as North, South, East and West.

10) Cultural Unity:

People of India follow different language and culture. We have seen the cultural unity at the time of festivals like Rakshabandhan, Diwali, Holi, Dashera etc The Sanskars, caste rules, kitchen cleanliness etc are some of the factors that are common in all sectors.

11) Unity of Language:

Earlier Sanskrit language was to be known as one of the sacred language and was the original source of language. At present, Hindi language is spoken and is doing the same work as done by the Sanskrit language in ancient times.

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Main Physical Features of India

The division of physical features of India is done on the basis of six categories:

1) Himalayan Mountains:

This is one of the most significant features of India. The range of Himalayas varies from 400 Km to 150 KM. The entire Himalayas are divided into further three parts: Greater Himalayas or the Himadri, Lesser Himalayas and the Outer Himalayas or the Shiwalik Range.

2) Northern Plains:

Indus, Ganga and the Brahmaputra are the three river systems that led to the Northern Plains. The Northern Plains are further divided into three categories such as: the Punjab Plains, the Ganga Plains and the Brahmaputra Plains.

3) Peninsular Plateau:

When Gondwana Land was shifted, the outcome of that was the Peninsular Plateau which is further divided into two parts- The Central Highlands that covers a large part of the Malwa Plateau and the Deccan Plateau which lies on the south of the Narmada River.

4) Indian Desert:

This region has the lowest rainfall per annum and is considered as the dry region of the country. Due to dryness, the greenery level is also low here. States of Rajasthan and Gujarat northwestern parts are included in the desert region.

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5) Coastal Plains:

Coastal Plains cover the shores of Bay of Bengal in the East and Arabian Sea on the West. The eastern and the western coast are again sub divided into further categories. The Western Coast divides into the Konkan Coast, the Kannada Plains and the Malabar Coast. The Eastern coast is divided into the Northern Circar and the Coromandel Coast.

6) Islands:

Islands complete the physical feature of India and the two group of islands is lying on the two oceans. The two islands are The Lakshadweep and The Andaman & Nicobar Islands. Islands are divided into the mainland and seas.

Candidates reading about Geographical Regions of India can get complete knowledge about the same from this page. We the team members of have mentioned details such as Geographical Area covered by the Indian states, Diversity of India, Physical Features of India etc on this page.

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