The rivers are the main source of electricity supply, travel, water and lives to many people; in short they are defining an important role in the livelihood of all people. The largest river system in India is the Ganga River. There are different ranges from which the rivers are originating and one of them is the Himalayan Range. Himalayan Rivers is further divided into three river basins named as the Indus, Ganga and Brahmaputra.
जो नदियाँ हिमालय से निकल रही है, वह तब बनती है जब बर्फ़ और ग्लेशियर पिघलते है, अतः इसका प्रवाह हमेशा ही बना रहता है| हिमालय से निकलने वाली तीन प्रमुख नदियों के नाम है – सिंधु, गंगा और ब्रह्मपुत्र | तो आईये पढ़ते है विस्तार में हिमालय से निकलने वाली – सबसे लम्बी/छोटी नदियों के बारे में|
The rivers originating from Himalayas are very long as they are joined by many tributaries. The major Himalayan Rivers are the Indus, Ganges, and Brahmaputra.
1) Indus River System:
The length of the Indus River is 3,200 km long and is rising from Tibet, near Lake Mansarowar. Most of the river’s course of this river is running through Pakistan and India is using only 20 percent of its water. The length of the major river systems of Indus River is as:
- Indus – 3,202 km (1,990 mi)
- Sutlej – 1,529 km (950 mi)
- Chenab – 960 km (600 mi)
- Jhelum – 813 km (505 mi)
- Ravi – 720 km (450 mi)
- Beas – 460 km (290 mi)
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2) Ganges River System:
Ganga is known as the largest river system of India as it is joined by many tributaries from Himalayas. Bhagirathi is the headwater of the Ganga which is joined by Alaknanda at Devaprayag. The major rivers in this system that are merging from west to east are Ganga, Chambal, Betwa, Yamuna, Gomti, Ghaghra, Son, Gandak , Kosi , Brahmaputra.
- Ganga – Starting from Gangotri Glacier.
- Chambal- Flows through Madhya Pradesh and merges into Yamuna.
- Betwa – Not Himalayan river, before merging into Yamuna it covers Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh
- Yamuna – Yamuna runs parallel to Ganga
- Gomti – Starts from Nepal, Uttarakhand and UP
- Ghaghra – Starts in Nepal near Uttarakhand
- Son – Not Himalayan river, covers MP, UP, Jharkhand and Bihar.
- Gandak – Starts from Nepal
- Kosi – Starts from Bihar, near Indo-Nepal border
- Brahmaputra – Merges with Ganga to form the Grand River.
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3) Brahmaputra River System:
This river is considerably long than the Indus River System. The course of this river lies almost outside of India and its takes a ‘U’ turn through Namcha Barwa and after that it enters India in Arunachal Pradesh. The major river of this system includes:
- Yarlung Tsangpo River – Forms the upper stream of Brahmaputra in Tibet
- Siang – It enters India in the state of Arunachal Pradesh (Main River)
- Dibang – major tributary flowing through Arunachal Pradesh.
- Lohit – Three major tributaries of Brahmaputra flowing through Arunachal Pradesh.
- Brahmaputra – runs across the state of Assam
- Teesta – originates in the borders of Sikkim and Tibet
- Jamuna River (Bangladesh) – Brahmaputra is known as Jamuna in Bangladesh.
- Padma River – the Jamuna river merges with Padma in Bangladesh
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The major rivers of India are originating from these watersheds:
- Aravalli range
- Himalaya and Karakoram ranges
- Sahyadri in western India
- Vindhya and Satpura ranges and Chotanagpur plateau in central India
All the details about Himalayan Rivers are well depicted on this page. Stay in touch with us and also bookmark our site recruitmentresult.com for more similar updates.
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