MRI Full Form
MRI is considered to be a major discovery in the medical world. Through this, a new revolution has come in the field of medicine. After its invention, doctors and research have made many major improvements in its use. It has greatly assisted in medical procedures and related discoveries.
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All of us must have heard about MRI at some time, some of us must have done it, most people know it by its short name, they do not know much about its full form. Through this article, I will try to give you all the information about MRI Full form. Today we will give you something about what an MRI scan is and why it is necessary for our body and what it works in our body. I will tell you such information, which you may not have known before.
MRI Full Form
MRI Full Form in English
“Magnetic Resonance Imaging”
MRI Full Form in Hindi
“चुम्बकीय अनुनाद प्रतिबिम्बन”
एमआरआई स्कैन मशीन क्या है, फुल फॉर्म जानिए – MRI Full Form And Meaning in Hindi
MRI का फुल फॉर्म “चुम्बकीय अनुनाद प्रतिबिम्बन” है। एमआरआई एक मेडिकल इमेजिंग तकनीक है जिसका उपयोग विकिरण विज्ञान में एक्स-रे की तुलना में विवरण में शरीर की आंतरिक संरचनाओं को प्रदर्शित करने के लिए किया जाता है। यह शरीर रचना विज्ञान और शरीर की शारीरिक प्रक्रियाओं के चित्र बनाने के लिए स्वास्थ्य और रोग दोनों में उपयोग किया जाता है। एमआरआई को परमाणु चुंबकीय अनुनाद इमेजिंग (NMRI) या चुंबकीय अनुनाद टोमोग्राफी (MRT) भी कहा जाता है।
एमआरआई स्कैनर मानव शरीर की छवियों को बनाने के लिए मजबूत चुंबकीय क्षेत्र और रेडियो तरंगों का उपयोग करते हैं। चिकित्सा निदान में एमआरआई के अनुप्रयोगों की एक विस्तृत श्रृंखला है। इसका उपयोग मानव शरीर से स्वास्थ्य के मुद्दों और रोगों का सही-सही पता लगाने के लिए किया जाता है। इसका उपयोग हृदय की समस्याओं और स्ट्रोक, मस्तिष्क ट्यूमर, सिर या मस्तिष्क को आघात, रीढ़ की समस्याओं, हृदय की समस्याओं और स्ट्रोक, जोड़ों और हड्डियों, मस्तिष्क और रीढ़ की हड्डी की असामान्यताओं, यकृत और अन्य पेट के रोगों, महिलाओं में गर्भाशय की असामान्यताओं के निदान के लिए किया जा सकता है।
आदि एक एमआरआई स्कैन को सीटी स्कैन (कंप्यूटेड टोमोग्राफी स्कैन) की तुलना में बेहतर विकल्प के रूप में देखा जाता है क्योंकि यह आंतरिक शरीर के अंगों की अधिक बेहतर छवियां प्रदान करता है और यह संभावित हानिकारक विकिरण को या तो रोगी या तकनीशियन को उजागर नहीं करता है जबकि सीटी स्कैन अभी भी है जोखिम।
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MRI Full Form and Meaning
MRI full Form in Medical is “Magnetic Resonance Imaging”. MRI is an imaging technology that displays the internal structures of the body in detail. MRI is clearer than X-ray. It is also called NMRI nuclear magnetic resonance imaging or MRT magnetic resonance tomography. It uses Radiology to investigate the anatomy and physiology of the body. MRI scanners use strong magnetic fields and radio waves to create images of the human body.
It is used by a doctor to perform physical tests of the patient. In this, it is found out how the patient responds to the treatment. Radiation is not used in X-ray and CT scan tests. MRI is considered one of the biggest discoveries in the world, MRI means Magnetic Resonance imaging scan. Its use depends on which part of the patient is to be scanned and how large a part it is, how many photographs are to be taken in this scan. In this, magnetic field is used instead of radiation. It is completely different from X ray and CT scan.
Use of MRI
Today, MRI is growing very fast, it is used to find out the exact disease. The MRI test is usually done to detect malignancy, stoke, tumor in the brain as well as inflammation of the spine. MRI scans are used to examine each part of the body. The development of MRI scans is a major test for the medical world. Doctors, scientists and researchers are now able to examine the inner part of the human body in high detail using non-invasive tools. It is as follows-
- Breast check
- Brain and spinal cord examination
- Heart and blood vessels examination
- Examination of bones and joints
- Examination of liver, uterus and prostate etc.
- Diseases of the liver and other parts of the stomach
- Brain and spinal anomalies
- Injuries or joint abnormalities, such as back and knee
- Tumors, ulcers, and other anomalies in various parts of the body
- Evaluation of pelvic pain in women with causes including fibroids and endometriosis
- Breast cancer screening for women who face a high risk of breast cancer.
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What is MRI Scan
MRI Scan is a technique in which clear and detailed images of body parts and their cells are made with the help of magnetic fields and radio waves. Most MRI machines are large and tube-shaped magnetic machines. When a person is placed inside an MRI machine, the magnetic field temporarily reconstructs the hydrogen atoms in that person’s body.
Due to radio waves, these organized atoms produce a very weak signal which creates a cross sectional image of various body parts. Apart from this, the MRI machine also produces 3-D images which can be viewed from different angles. It is one of the safe and accurate imaging tests for diagnosis of various diseases.
How much does the MRI Scan Cost?
MRI testing costs more than other tests, but it can identify problems that are not commonly caught by doctors. The cost of conducting MRI Scan ranges from 1500 to 25000 rupees. But the cost of MRI Scan also depends on which part of the body to do MRI, because the cost of getting MRI of different organs also varies. Apart from this, the cost of MRI varies in different cities and hospitals.
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MRI Scan Preparation
Very little preparation is required before an MRI scan. On reaching the hospital, doctors can ask the patient to change into a gown. Since magnets are used, it is important that no metal object is present in the scanner. The doctor will ask the patient to remove any metal ornaments or accessories that may interfere with the machine.
A person will probably be unable to perform an MRI if there is a metal inside their body, such as bullets, pellets, or other metallic foreign bodies. It may also include medical devices, such as cochlear implants, aneurism clips, and pacemakers. Individuals who are worried or nervous about enclosed areas should tell their doctor. They can often be given medication before an MRI to help make the procedure more comfortable.
The radiologist, a doctor who specializes in medical images, will then talk to the person through the MRI scanning process and can answer any questions they may have about the procedure. Once the patient enters the scanning room, doctors will help them at the scanner table to lie down. Staff will ensure that they are as comfortable as possible by providing blankets or cushions. Earplugs or headphones will be provided to prevent high noise of the scanner. The latter is popular with children, as they can listen to music to soothe any anxiety during the process.
Benefits Of MRI Scan:
MRI scans are usually done to diagnose diseases. Let us know what its benefits are.
- The biggest advantage of MRI scanning is that it provides clear and accurate information by correctly diagnosing the disease.
- The person does not have any kind of pain in getting an MRI scan and it also protects it from the effects of X-ray radiation.
- An MRI scan produces a clear picture of the body’s soft cellular structures, such as the heart, liver, and other organs, making diagnosis of diseases very easy.
- MRI Scan correctly diagnoses cancer, cardiovascular and vascular diseases and disorders arising in bones.
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Disadvantages of having an MRI Scan
- Pregnant women should not undergo an MRI scan as the effect of the magnetic field may have a poor effect on the fetus.
- For an MRI scan, the patient is placed inside a large cylindrical structure, so if a patient is afraid, he should be informed to the technician in advance.
- The MRI machine makes loud and strange sounds so some patients may get nervous from it.
- MRIs use powerful magnets so if a person is wearing any kind of metal on the body, it can cause harm.
- If a person has got a tattoo done on his body, then he should tell the doctor before MRI Scan because there is a metal in the ink to make the tattoo.
What Are The Risks Of An MRI Scan?
MRI is a painless and safe procedure. For people who have a problem with ‘claustrophobia’, it can be slightly uncomfortable (Claustrophobia). But with the help of radiographer support it becomes possible for most people to do this. During the scan, it may be a little comfortable to go to the scanner from the feet, although this is not always possible.
MRI scans do not involve exposing X-ray radiation to the body. This means that people who are particularly vulnerable to the effects of radiation, such as pregnant women and children, may undergo an MRI scan when needed. However, not everyone can have an MRI scan, for example people who have had an organ transplant do not have these tests. Such as a pacemaker (a battery-operated device that controls uncontrolled heart beats).
Much research has been conducted on whether magnetic fields and radio waves used during MRI scans can pose a risk to the human body. No evidence was found that could explain the risk. This means that MRI is by far the safest procedure available.
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What Does The Result Of An MRI Scan Mean?
A specially trained doctor, called a radiologist, reads the report’s results and sends it to the concerned doctor. After that, the doctor explains the results of the test report to the patient and gives information about what to do next.
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